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Vol 8, No 1 (2006)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2006-01-23
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Influence of selected socio-demographic factors on the course of ischemic stroke

Sławomir Wawrzyniak, Katarzyna Wawrzyniak
Udar Mózgu. Problemy Interdyscyplinarne 2006;8(1):22-27.

open access

Vol 8, No 1 (2006)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2006-01-23

Abstract

Introduction. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the world (after heart diseases and cancer) and a leading cause of disability in adults. The most important risk factors for ischemic stroke are known. The aim of the study was to analyze certain socio-demographic factors (age, sex, social support, marital status, living conditions) and their influence on the level of disability in patients with ischemic stroke on admission to and discharge from hospital.
Material and methods. Into the study were included 170 patients (78 female and 92 male) with ischemic stroke aged between 23 and 91 years (mean 69.1 years). The patients were divided into three age groups: I - patients under 65 years old, II - patients between 65-80 years old, III - patients above 80 years old. Patients were neurologically assessed using Modified Rankin Scale by Orgogozo/Dartigues and the Barthel index of the Activities of Daily Living scale (ADL). Statistical analysis was performed using single factor variance analysis and t-Student test.
Results. The level of disability in men with ischemic stroke both on admission and upon discharge was lower than in women (higher results on both scales - difference statistically significant, ADL scale - p = 0.001 and MRS - p = 0.003). The course of the ischemic stroke is more severe in elder patients both on admission and upon discharge (p < 0.02 ). Social support of the nearest has a positive influence on the general condition and the disability level of the ischemic stroke patients. Marital status and living conditions had no influence on the neurological condition of the ischemic stroke patients.
Conclusions. The course of ischemic stroke depended on the patients' sex (lower disability in men) and age (more severe in older age). Social support (family, friends) has a positive influence on the general condition and level of disability of ischemic stroke patients. Marital status and living conditions had no influence on the neurological condition of the patients.

Abstract

Introduction. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the world (after heart diseases and cancer) and a leading cause of disability in adults. The most important risk factors for ischemic stroke are known. The aim of the study was to analyze certain socio-demographic factors (age, sex, social support, marital status, living conditions) and their influence on the level of disability in patients with ischemic stroke on admission to and discharge from hospital.
Material and methods. Into the study were included 170 patients (78 female and 92 male) with ischemic stroke aged between 23 and 91 years (mean 69.1 years). The patients were divided into three age groups: I - patients under 65 years old, II - patients between 65-80 years old, III - patients above 80 years old. Patients were neurologically assessed using Modified Rankin Scale by Orgogozo/Dartigues and the Barthel index of the Activities of Daily Living scale (ADL). Statistical analysis was performed using single factor variance analysis and t-Student test.
Results. The level of disability in men with ischemic stroke both on admission and upon discharge was lower than in women (higher results on both scales - difference statistically significant, ADL scale - p = 0.001 and MRS - p = 0.003). The course of the ischemic stroke is more severe in elder patients both on admission and upon discharge (p < 0.02 ). Social support of the nearest has a positive influence on the general condition and the disability level of the ischemic stroke patients. Marital status and living conditions had no influence on the neurological condition of the ischemic stroke patients.
Conclusions. The course of ischemic stroke depended on the patients' sex (lower disability in men) and age (more severe in older age). Social support (family, friends) has a positive influence on the general condition and level of disability of ischemic stroke patients. Marital status and living conditions had no influence on the neurological condition of the patients.
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Keywords

ischemic stroke; socio-demographic factors

About this article
Title

Influence of selected socio-demographic factors on the course of ischemic stroke

Journal

Interdisciplinary Problems of Stroke

Issue

Vol 8, No 1 (2006)

Pages

22-27

Published online

2006-01-23

Bibliographic record

Udar Mózgu. Problemy Interdyscyplinarne 2006;8(1):22-27.

Keywords

ischemic stroke
socio-demographic factors

Authors

Sławomir Wawrzyniak
Katarzyna Wawrzyniak

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