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open access

Vol 11, No 2 (2009)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-03-11
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Intracerebral haemorrhage - risk and prognostic factors in patients of the Stroke Subunit in the Department of Neurology Medical University of Bialystok

Alina Kułakowska, Helena Dołęgowska, Joanna Tarasiuk
Udar Mózgu. Problemy Interdyscyplinarne 2009;11(2):50-57.

open access

Vol 11, No 2 (2009)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-03-11

Abstract

Background. Intracerebral haemorrhage is characterized by a severe clinical course and high mortality. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk factors of ICH and to search for prognostic factors affecting the clinical course.
Material and methods. The study included patients with intracerebral haemorrhage hospitalized in the Neurological Department Medical University in Bialystok during successive 12 months. The study was conducted prospectively by means of a specially designed for this purpose “The patient’s with ICH data questionnaire”, the Scandinavian Stroke Scale, the Rankin Scale and the Barthel Scale. We assessed the clinical state of the patient at the admission to and discharge from hospital.
Results. We assessed 38 patients (22 men, 16 women), mean age 67.5 years old. We ascertained that hypertension is the main risk factor of intracerebral haemorrhage. We demonstrated that the risk of death increases with age, in case of ICH extension into the ventricular system and low score in the Scandinavian Stroke Scale at the admission to hospital. We demonstrated about 45% disability among patients who survived (≥ 3 points in Rankin Scale).
Conclusions. The study confirms that ICH is a severe disease, often leading to death and usually leaving crucial neurological deficits.
Interdisciplinary Problems of Stroke 2009; 11 (2): 50-57

Abstract

Background. Intracerebral haemorrhage is characterized by a severe clinical course and high mortality. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk factors of ICH and to search for prognostic factors affecting the clinical course.
Material and methods. The study included patients with intracerebral haemorrhage hospitalized in the Neurological Department Medical University in Bialystok during successive 12 months. The study was conducted prospectively by means of a specially designed for this purpose “The patient’s with ICH data questionnaire”, the Scandinavian Stroke Scale, the Rankin Scale and the Barthel Scale. We assessed the clinical state of the patient at the admission to and discharge from hospital.
Results. We assessed 38 patients (22 men, 16 women), mean age 67.5 years old. We ascertained that hypertension is the main risk factor of intracerebral haemorrhage. We demonstrated that the risk of death increases with age, in case of ICH extension into the ventricular system and low score in the Scandinavian Stroke Scale at the admission to hospital. We demonstrated about 45% disability among patients who survived (≥ 3 points in Rankin Scale).
Conclusions. The study confirms that ICH is a severe disease, often leading to death and usually leaving crucial neurological deficits.
Interdisciplinary Problems of Stroke 2009; 11 (2): 50-57
Get Citation

Keywords

intracerebral haemorrhage; the Scandinavian Stroke Scale; the Rankin Scale; the Barthel Scale

About this article
Title

Intracerebral haemorrhage - risk and prognostic factors in patients of the Stroke Subunit in the Department of Neurology Medical University of Bialystok

Journal

Interdisciplinary Problems of Stroke

Issue

Vol 11, No 2 (2009)

Pages

50-57

Published online

2010-03-11

Bibliographic record

Udar Mózgu. Problemy Interdyscyplinarne 2009;11(2):50-57.

Keywords

intracerebral haemorrhage
the Scandinavian Stroke Scale
the Rankin Scale
the Barthel Scale

Authors

Alina Kułakowska
Helena Dołęgowska
Joanna Tarasiuk

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