Vol 26, No 6 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-11-05

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The effects of foot reflexology on pain and physiological indicators in children with leukemia under chemotherapy: a clinical trial study

Fereshteh Ghaljaei1, Alia Jalalodini1
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2021;26(6):955-961.


Background: Foot reflexology is a popular complementary medicine method; however, previous studies have shown conflicting results. This study aimed to investigate the impact of foot reflexology on pain and physiological responses caused by intrathecal injection of chemotherapy drugs in children with leukemia.

Materials and methods: This clinical trial included 80 children with leukemia. The participants received 20 min foot reflexology (10 min each foot). The primary measured outcomes included pain and physiological indicators (blood pressure and heart rate).

Results: The results showed that foot reflexology had a significant effect on reducing pain (p = 0.002) and improving physiological indicators [blood pressure (p = 0.002) and heart rate (p = 0.003)].

Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, which shows the positive effect of foot reflexology on the improvement of pain and physiological indicators, foot reflexology can be used as a complementary treatment along with conventional therapies.

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