Vol 26, No 5 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-09-24

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Effect of contrast medium on treatment modalities planned with different photon beam energies: a planning study

Manindra Bhushan12, Deepak Tripathi2, Girigesh Yadav1, Lalit Kumar1, Abhinav Dewan1, Sarthak Tandon1, Gourav Kumar1, Inderjit Kaur Wahi1, Munish Gairola1
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2021;26(5):688-711.


Background: Routinely, patient’s planning scans are acquired after administration of iodinized contrast media but they will be treated in the absence of that. Similarly, high energy photons have a better penetrating power, while low energy photons will result in tighter dose distribution and negligible neutron contamination.

The aim of the study was to investigate a suitable photon beam energy in the presence of intravenous contrast medium.

Materials and methods: An indigenously made original-contrast (OC) phantom was mentioned as virtual-contrast (VC) and virtual-without-contrast (VWC) phantom were generated by assigning the Hounsfield Units (HU) to different structures. Intensity-modulated (IMRT) and volumetric-modulated-arc (VMAT) plans were generated as per criteria of the TG-119 protocol.

Results: It was observed that the maximum dose to the spinal cord was better with 6 mega-voltage (MV) in IMRT. The coverage of Prostate PTV (PR PTV) was similar with all the photon energies and was comparable with TG-119, except for original-contrast (OC) phantom using the VMAT technique. Homogeneity-index (HI) was comparatively better for VMAT plans.

Conclusion: The contrast CT images lower the dose to targets. IMRT or VMAT plans, generated on such CT images will be delivered with higher doses than evaluated. However, the overdose remains non-significant

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