Vol 26, No 4 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-03-30

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Dosimetric impact of contrast-enhanced 4d computed tomography for stereotactic body radiation therapy of hepatocelluar carcinoma

Rose Kamal12, Deepak Thaper12, Rishabh Kumar1, Gaganpreet Singh13, Hanuman P. Yadav2, Arun S. Oinam3, Vivek Kumar1, Hitesh Sharma4
DOI: 10.5603/RPOR.a2021.0075
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2021;26(4):598-604.


BACKGROUND: A purpose of the study was to investigate the dosimetric impact of contrast media on dose calculation using average 4D contrast-enhanced computed tomography (4D-CECT) and delayed 4D-CT (d4D-CT) images caused by CT simulation contrast agents for stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of liver cases.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients of liver SBRT treated using the volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) technique were selected retrospectively. 4D-CECT, and d4D-CT were acquired with the Anzai gating system and GE CT. For all patients, gross target volume (GTV) was contoured on the ten phases after rigid registration of both the contrast and delayed scans and merged to generate internal target volume (ITV) on average CT images. Region of interest (ROI) was drawn on contrast images and then copied to the delayed images after rigid registration of two average CT datasets. The treatment plans were generated for contrast enhanced average CT, delayed average CT and contrast enhanced average CT with electron density of the heart overridden.

RESULTS: No significant dosimetric difference was observed in plans parameters (mean HU value of the liver, total monitor units, total control points, degree of modulation and average segment area) except mean HU value of the aorta amongst the three arms. All the OARs were evaluated and resulted in statistically insignificant variation (p > 0.05) using one way ANOVA analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: Contrast enhanced 4D-CT is advantageous in accurate delineation of tumors and assessing accurate ITV. The treatment plans generated on average 4D-CECT and average d4D-CT have a clinically insignificant effect on dosimetric parameters.

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