Vol 26, No 4 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-03-26

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Role of whole brain radiotherapy in the management of infratentorial metastases from lung and breast cancer

Bernardo Cacho-Díaz1, Alejandra Alvarez-Alvarez1, Karen Salmerón-Moreno1, Oscar Rodríguez-Mayoral2, Bernardino Gabriel Santiago-Concha3, Oscar G. Arrieta Rodríguez4
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2021;26(4):512-517.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Brain metastases (BM) occur in almost one third of patients with systemic malignancies. Only a small number of studies focus on infratentorial location and whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) as the main non-surgical management.

The aim of the study was to compare the prognosis of patients treated with WBRT among patients with supra- or infratentorial lesions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: At a single center, 263 patients with either breast (BC) or lung (LC) cancer, that had developed BM and received treatment with WBRT, were analyzed during an 8-year period.

RESULTS: A total of 152 patients with BC and 111 with LC were analyzed, median age at the time of BM was 50.7 years, systemic activity other than BM was detected in 91%. Newly diagnosed BM were supratentorial in 40%, infratentorial in 10% and 51% in both locations. Median overall survival was 13 months (95% CI: 11.1–14.8 months), without significant difference between supra- or infratentorial location. WBRT alone was administered in 79% of patients, whereas WBRT with chemtoreapy was provided for 21%.

CONCLUSION: In patients with BM from LC or BC that were not candidates for surgical resection, palliative WBRT appears to be equally effective in those with supra- or infratentorial locations.

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