Vol 26, No 3 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-03-26

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Post-operative small pelvic field radiation therapy in patients with intermediate risk early stage cervix cancer: a safe and efficient treatment modality

José Antonio Solis12, Ilan Perrot Rosenberg12, Jorge Olivares12, Benjamin Tudela12, Gabriel Veillon12, Gabriel Lazcano12
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2021;26(3):360-366.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The treatment of early stage cervical cancer has different therapeutic options. Adjuvant external beam radiotherapy for surgically treated intermediate risk cervical cancer patients has shown acceptable oncological outcomes with a low incidence of toxicity.

The aim of this study was to analyze the oncological outcomes and safety of adjuvant small pelvic field radiotherapy in surgically treated stage IB1-2 cervical cancer patients who met the Sedlis intermediate-risk criteria.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was carried out with 28 patients treated from 2007 to November 2019 with biopsy proven intermediate risk stage IB1–2 cervical cancer previously treated with radical hysterectomy and bilateral lymphadenectomy who received adjuvant small pelvic field radiotherapy. The primary endpoints were local and distant control and overall survival. Secondary endpoints were acute and late gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity. Survival curves were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method.

RESULTS: After a median follow up period of 41.5 (27.5–80.5) months, adjuvant small pelvic field radiotherapy showed a 100% overall survival rate, 81.82% disease free survival and 86.36% local recurrence-free survival with no incidence of grade 3 or 4 acute or late toxicity. Three patients suffered from relapse, 1 in the vaginal cuff, 1 in the retrovesical area and 1 patient in the retroperitoneal area.

CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant small pelvic field radiotherapy is an efficient and safe treatment option that offers excellent oncological outcomes to surgically treated intermediate-risk stage IB1–2 cervical cancer patients with an excellent toxicity profile. 

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