Vol 26, No 2 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-03-04

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Dosimetric predictors of acute bone marrow toxicity in carcinoma cervix — experience from a tertiary cancer centre in India

Rohith Singareddy1, Harjot Kaur Bajwa1, Mahendra M. Reddy2
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2021;26(2):259-265.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was To determine the dose volume parameters predicting acute haematological toxicity in carcinoma cervix patients undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients that presented to the hospital between Jan 2019 and Dec 2019 were prospectively analyzed. Patients diagnosed to have Carcinoma Cervix and planned for concurrent chemoradiation by volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) were included for analysis. Patients were assessed at baseline and every week during treatment for acute haematological toxicities. Dose volume parameters from treatment plans were correlated with RTOG grade of haematological toxicities.

RESULTS: A total of 34 patients diagnosed to have squamous cell carcinoma of cervix were treated by radical radiotherapy by VMAT technique and concurrent chemotherapy. The most common stage of presentation was stage IIB (61.7%). 29 patients (85.2%) completed five cycles of weekly cisplatin. Statistical analysis for sensitivity and specificity of dosimetric parameters was performed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The probability of developing bone marrow toxicity was analyzed using T test. Mean dose to bone marrow exceeding 28.5 Gy was significantly associated with bone marrow toxicity (sensitivity — 82.4%, specificity — 70.6%). On analyzing dose volume parameters, volume of bone marrow receiving 20 Gy, 30 Gy and 40 Gy (V20, V30 and V40) more than 71.75%, and 49.75% and 22.85%, respectively, was significantly associated with bone marrow toxicity.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study concludes that mean dose to bone marrow exceeding 28.5 Gy has high sensitivity and specificity for predicting bone marrow toxicity in patients receiving IMRT. Volume of bone marrow receiving 20 Gy, 30 Gy and 40 Gy significantly correlated with acute haematological toxicity.

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