Vol 26, No 2 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-03-04

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Dose measurements in a thorax phantom at 3DCRT breast radiation therapy

Elsa Bifano Pimenta1, Luciana Batista Nogueira2, Tarcísio Passos Ribeiro de Campos1
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2021;26(2):242-250.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The anthropomorphic and anthropometric phantom developed by the research group NRI (Núcleo de Radiações Ionizantes) can reproduce the effects of the interactions of radiation occurring in the human body. The whole internal radiation transport phenomena can be depicted by film dosimeters in breast RT.

Our goal was to provide a dosimetric comparison of a radiation therapy (RT) plan in a 4MV 3D-conformal RT (4MV-3DCRT) and experimental data measured in a breast phantom

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The RT modality was two parallel opposing fields for the left breast with a prescribed dose of 2.0 Gy in 25 fractions. The therapy planning system (TPS) was performed on CAT3D software. The dose readings at points of interest (POI) pre-established in TPS were recorded. An anthropometric thorax-phantom with removal breast was used. EBT2 radiochromic films were inserted into the ipisilateral breast, contralateral breast, lungs, heart and skin. The irradiation was carried out on 4/80 Varian linear accelerator at 4MV.

RESULTS: The mean dose at the OAR's presented statistically significant differences (p < 0.001) of 34.24%, 37.96% and 63.47% for ipsilateral lung, contralateral lung, and heart, respectively. The films placed at the skin-surface interface in the ipsilateral breast also showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.001) of 16.43%, –10.16%, –14.79% and 15.67% in the four quadrants, respectively. In contrast, the PTV dosimeters, representative of the left breast volume, encompassed by the electronic equilibrium, presented a non-significant difference with TPS, p = 0.20 and p = 0.90.

CONCLUSION: There was a non-significant difference of doses in PTV with electronic equilibrium; although no match is achieved outside electronic equilibrium.

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