Vol 8, No 3 (2022)
Review paper
Published online: 2022-09-30

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Gout in the course of systemic lupus erythematosus: Literature review and case study report

Izabela Ptak1, Bogna Grygiel-Górniak1, Włodzimierz Samborski1
Rheumatology Forum 2022;8(3):105-110.

Abstract

Gout is one of the relatively common inflammatory diseases of the joints. It is caused by the deposition of uric acid crystals in the tissues, which induces an acute or chronic inflammatory process. Elevated serum uric acid levels are usually found long before symptoms appear, and it is worth emphasizing that not every hyperuricemic patient will ever develop gout symptoms. The onset of gout is characterized by periodic joint inflammation, which may be triggered by various stress factors (trauma, infection), certain medications, dietary mistakes, and excessive exercise. Over time, repeated joint inflammation causes permanent joint damage. Most often, deposits of urate crystals are located in places with poorer blood supply and exposed to increased pressure, such as joints and soft tissues (e.g., auricles). The coexistence of gout and autoimmune diseases is relatively rare. While for many years it was believed that gout was not associated with other systemic connective tissue diseases, gout has been described in the course of systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, mixed connective tissue disease, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and rheumatoid arthritis. The presented systematic review also describes a case of a patient with longlasting systemic lupus erythematosus who was diagnosed with gout.

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