Vol 15, No 4 (2022)
Digitization in transplantology
Published online: 2023-02-20

open access

Page views 2608
Article views/downloads 178
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

Using digitalization for knowledge transfer in society is the future of transplantation: A pilot study

Beata Januszko-Giergielewicz12, Aleksandra Woderska34, Agata Wójcik5, Paweł Niewiadomski6, Maciej Słupski12
DOI: 10.5603/RDTF.2023.0004
Renal Disease and Transplantation Forum 2022;15(4):172-179.

Abstract

Introduction: Recently, knowledge about transplantation among the general public has diminished. The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened this transplantation-related crisis, but has simultaneously contributed to the greater development of online education. The aim of the study was the assessment of the level of general public knowledge regarding transplantation and suggesting new possibilities of utilizing digital forms of information transfer in the process of societal transplant education (STE).
Material and methods: An online survey questionnaire, containing questions related to common transplantation knowledge, was conducted among students of faculties of medicine.
Results: Nearly the entire study group indicated that increasing knowledge as regards organ transplantation may prove to have a significant impact with respect to donating organs after death for transplantation. The study revealed that over 60% of respondents held a false belief that a declaration of intent was a legally binding document rather than only a declaration of will. Over 20% of respondents erroneously believed that the donor’s family had the right to object to organ procurement for transplantation. Facebook, websites for patients and applications were indicated as effective forms of STE. Having obtained the results, the first Polish prototype of an “e-transplant” application was designed for the
purposes of STE.
Conclusions: The level of knowledge concerning organ donation for transplantation is insufficient among the general public and necessitates the development of modern STE methods. All forms of information transfer in the virtual media space become particularly useful for the purposes of STE, including the created application.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file

References

  1. Stalończyk I. Edukacja formalna i pozaformalna w procesie kształtowania społeczeństwa wiedzy [Formal versus non-formal education in the proces of shaping knowledge society]. Nierówności Społeczne a Wzrost Gospodarczy [Social inequalities and economic growth. 2014; 37(1): 320–332.
  2. Whitehead D. Health promotion and health education: advancing the concepts. J Adv Nurs. 2004; 47(3): 311–320.
  3. Charzyńska-Gula M, Sygit K, Sygit M, et al. Problems of health education in rural areas in Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2013; 20(3): 515–522.
  4. Williams O, Swierad EM. A multisensory multilevel health education model for diverse communities. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019; 16(5).
  5. Waterman AD, Morgievich M, Cohen DJ, et al. American Society of Transplantation. Living donor kidney transplantation: improving education outside of transplant centers about live donor transplantation-recommendations from a consensus conference. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2015; 10(9): 1659–1669.
  6. Załącznik do Obwieszczenia Marszałka Sejmu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 4 listopada 2020 r. w sprawie ogłoszenia jednolitego tekstu ustawy o pobieraniu, przechowywaniu i przeszczepianiu komórek, tkanek i narządów (t.j. Dz. U. 2020 poz. 2134) w związku z ustawą z dnia 1 lipca 2005 r. o pobieraniu, przechowywaniu i przeszczepianiu komórek, tkanek i narządów (t.j. Dz. U. 2005 Nr 169 poz. 1411 z zm.). [Annex to the Announcement of the Marshal of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland of November 4, 2020 on the publication of the uniform text of the Act on the collection, storage and transplantation of cells, tissues and organs (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2020, item 2134) in connection with the Act of July 1, 2005 on the collection, storage and transplantation of cells, tissues and organs (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2005 No 169, item 1411 with subsequent amendments].
  7. Illman J. Elizabeth Ward: pioneer of organ donor cards. BMJ. 2020: m3346.
  8. Feliksiak M. Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznych (CBOS) [Centre for Public Opinion Research]. Postawy wobec transplantacji narządów. Komunikat z badań nr 119/2016. Warszawa, sierpień 2016. [Attitudes towards organ transplantation. Research report no 119/2016. Warsaw, August 2016].
  9. Kędziora-Kornatowska K, Grzanka-Tykwińska A. Osoby starsze w społeczeństwie informacyjnym. Gerontol Pol. 2011; 19(2): 107–111.
  10. Sá GG, Silva FL, Santos AM, et al. Technologies that promote health education for the community elderly: integrative review. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2019; 27: e3186.
  11. Niezgoda M. Edukacja zdalna: szansa czy zagrożenie? Youth in Central and Eastern Europe. 2022.
  12. Radu MC, Schnakovszky C, Herghelegiu E, et al. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of educational process: a student survey. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020; 17(21).
  13. Zimmerman E, Woolf S. Understanding the relationship between education and health. NAM Perspectives. 2014; 4(6).
  14. Birch DA, Auld ME. Public health and school health education: aligning forces for change. Health Promot Pract. 2019; 20(6): 818–823.
  15. Horton RL, Horton PJ. A model of willingness to become a potential organ donor. Soc Sci Med. 1991; 33(9): 1037–1051.
  16. Heitland L, von Hirschhausen E, Fischer F. Effects of humorous interventions on the willingness to donate organs: a quasi-experimental study in the context of medical cabaret. BMC Public Health. 2020; 20(1): 288.
  17. Murphy M, O’Sullivan R. The gift of life: the role of social marketing in organ donation. Apas Papers. 2010; 121: 193–207.
  18. https://zgodanazycie.pl/ (April 2, 2022).
  19. http://studenckistarter.pl/ (April 2, 2022).
  20. Adam M, McMahon SA, Prober C, et al. Human-centered design of video-based health education: An iterative, collaborative, community-based approach. J Med Internet Res. 2019; 21(1): e12128.
  21. Waterman AD, Wood EH, Ranasinghe ON, et al. A digital library for increasing awareness about living donor kidney transplants: formative study. JMIR Form Res. 2020; 4(7): e17441.



Renal Disease and Transplantation Forum