Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

open access

Ahead of print
Research paper
Published online: 2021-03-25
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Association of fear of COVID-19 and preventive behaviors (PB) against COVID-19 in Iran

Hasan Mosazadeh, Abdurrahman Charkazi, Maryam Ahmadi-Livani, Abed Nori, Arezoo Foroughi, Amangholi Rahimi, Mousa Ghelichi-Ghojogh, Ehsan allah Kalteh, Bagher Pahlavanzadeh, Rahman Berdi Ozouni-Davaji, Abdolhalim Rajabi
DOI: 10.5603/PSYCH.a2021.0016

open access

Ahead of print
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2021-03-25

Abstract

The world is currently experiencing a pandemic of COVID-19. The pandemic can impact on physical health and psychological health. Therefore, we conducted a web based cross-sectional study to evaluate Fear of COVID-19 and preventive behaviors against COVID-19 in a volunteer population of Golestan province, Iran, in May and June 2020. An online questionnaire, including Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and preventive behaviors against COVID-19, was used to evaluate fear and preventive behaviors in population. The data were presented by mean and frequency. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with Fear of COVID-19 at a significant level of 0.05 in Stata 14. A total of 734 of 900 contacted individuals completed the survey, with a participation rate of 81.5%. A total the mean age of the participants was 33.97±10.68 years and 375 (51.9%) females. The mean Fear of COVID-19 score in the participants was 19.69±5.96. There was a significant positive correlation between Fear of COVID-19 and preventive behaviors (r=0.19, p < 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed participants with perceived threat of COVID-19 higher, female, married participants, health worker staffs and with underlying diseases in participants were associated with Fear of COVID-19. The fear of COVID-19 in Iranian society is high, which indicates the need to pay attention to the mental health in pandemic conditions. Appropriate interventions can be designed and implemented according to the factors affecting fear. In addition, it should be noted that people with less fear are less likely to observe the COVID 19's preventative behaviors. These findings would need to be verified in larger population studies.

Abstract

The world is currently experiencing a pandemic of COVID-19. The pandemic can impact on physical health and psychological health. Therefore, we conducted a web based cross-sectional study to evaluate Fear of COVID-19 and preventive behaviors against COVID-19 in a volunteer population of Golestan province, Iran, in May and June 2020. An online questionnaire, including Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) and preventive behaviors against COVID-19, was used to evaluate fear and preventive behaviors in population. The data were presented by mean and frequency. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with Fear of COVID-19 at a significant level of 0.05 in Stata 14. A total of 734 of 900 contacted individuals completed the survey, with a participation rate of 81.5%. A total the mean age of the participants was 33.97±10.68 years and 375 (51.9%) females. The mean Fear of COVID-19 score in the participants was 19.69±5.96. There was a significant positive correlation between Fear of COVID-19 and preventive behaviors (r=0.19, p < 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed participants with perceived threat of COVID-19 higher, female, married participants, health worker staffs and with underlying diseases in participants were associated with Fear of COVID-19. The fear of COVID-19 in Iranian society is high, which indicates the need to pay attention to the mental health in pandemic conditions. Appropriate interventions can be designed and implemented according to the factors affecting fear. In addition, it should be noted that people with less fear are less likely to observe the COVID 19's preventative behaviors. These findings would need to be verified in larger population studies.

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Keywords

COVID-19, fear, health promotion, preventive

About this article
Title

Association of fear of COVID-19 and preventive behaviors (PB) against COVID-19 in Iran

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Ahead of print

Article type

Research paper

Published online

2021-03-25

DOI

10.5603/PSYCH.a2021.0016

Keywords

COVID-19
fear
health promotion
preventive

Authors

Hasan Mosazadeh
Abdurrahman Charkazi
Maryam Ahmadi-Livani
Abed Nori
Arezoo Foroughi
Amangholi Rahimi
Mousa Ghelichi-Ghojogh
Ehsan allah Kalteh
Bagher Pahlavanzadeh
Rahman Berdi Ozouni-Davaji
Abdolhalim Rajabi

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