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Research paper
Published online: 2021-03-03
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Negative and positive effects of secondary exposure to trauma among medical personnel - the role of social support

Nina Jolanta Ogińska-Bulik
DOI: 10.5603/PSYCH.a2021.0008

open access

Ahead of print
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2021-03-03

Abstract

Introduction: Social support is included among the factors determining the occurrence of negative and positive effects of secondary exposure to trauma in professionals working with people after traumatic experiences. The aim of the research was to determine the role of social support from various sources in the occurrence of symptoms of secondary stress and growth after trauma in the group of medical personnel exposed to secondary trauma. Material and methods: The analysis included the results obtained from 185 representatives of medical personnel, including paramedics (64.9%) and the nursing team (35.1%) who worked directly with the injured or suffering. Most of the respondents were women (56.8%). The age of the respondents was in the range of 20-65 years (M = 42.41, SD = 8.92). The research used a questionnaire developed for the purpose of the study and three standard measurement tools, i.e. the Secondary Traumatic Stress Inventory, the Secondary Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and the Social Support Scale - What support can you count on? Results: The obtained research results indicated a high intensity of secondary stress and moderate intensity of secondary growth after trauma in the examined group of medical personnel. Social support is primarily associated with secondary growth after the trauma. Support from the family plays a protective role for secondary stress. In turn, the factor conducive to the occurrence of secondary growth is primarily the support from co-workers. Conclusions: Developing the ability to perceive and use social support can contribute to reducing the negative and promoting the positive effects of secondary exposure to trauma.

Abstract

Introduction: Social support is included among the factors determining the occurrence of negative and positive effects of secondary exposure to trauma in professionals working with people after traumatic experiences. The aim of the research was to determine the role of social support from various sources in the occurrence of symptoms of secondary stress and growth after trauma in the group of medical personnel exposed to secondary trauma. Material and methods: The analysis included the results obtained from 185 representatives of medical personnel, including paramedics (64.9%) and the nursing team (35.1%) who worked directly with the injured or suffering. Most of the respondents were women (56.8%). The age of the respondents was in the range of 20-65 years (M = 42.41, SD = 8.92). The research used a questionnaire developed for the purpose of the study and three standard measurement tools, i.e. the Secondary Traumatic Stress Inventory, the Secondary Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and the Social Support Scale - What support can you count on? Results: The obtained research results indicated a high intensity of secondary stress and moderate intensity of secondary growth after trauma in the examined group of medical personnel. Social support is primarily associated with secondary growth after the trauma. Support from the family plays a protective role for secondary stress. In turn, the factor conducive to the occurrence of secondary growth is primarily the support from co-workers. Conclusions: Developing the ability to perceive and use social support can contribute to reducing the negative and promoting the positive effects of secondary exposure to trauma.

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Keywords

Exposure to secondary trauma; secondary stress; secondary growth; social support; medical personnel

About this article
Title

Negative and positive effects of secondary exposure to trauma among medical personnel - the role of social support

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Ahead of print

Article type

Research paper

Published online

2021-03-03

DOI

10.5603/PSYCH.a2021.0008

Keywords

Exposure to secondary trauma
secondary stress
secondary growth
social support
medical personnel

Authors

Nina Jolanta Ogińska-Bulik

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