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Vol 18, No 2 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-04-01
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The functioning of Poles during the COVID-19 pandemic, taking into account their level of education and gender

Katarzyna Alicja Milska12, Michał Krakowiak34, Agata Zdun-Ryżewska12, Magdalena Błażek12, Paweł Słoniewski34
Psychiatria 2021;18(2):92-96.


Introduction: The COVID pandemic causes psychological stress, which is known to have negative effects on
mental health. The aim of this study was to identify the educational group most exposed to stress and to determine
behavior patterns in the face of the described threat, taking into account the sex of the respondents.

Material and methods: The study involved an online survey using a self-administered questionnaire through
Google Forms. The studied group were Internet users, who received a link to the survey through social networking
sites, communication apps or via e-mail. The study received a total of 394 valid responses.

Results and conlusions: There is a relationship between the level of education and the attitudes of Poles in the
face of the COVID-19 pandemic. Higher levels of education may be associated with better adaptation mechanisms
when faced with this pandemic threat. People with vocational education are the most exposed to the negative
effects of this epidemiological state. Gender is a moderator in the relationship between the level of education and
life satisfaction, the level of stress felt or fear for one’s nearest and dearest in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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