Vol 18, No 1 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-10-15
Get Citation

Personality disorder and compulsive overeating in obese people

Karolina Kobrzyńska, Marta Dagmara Dębowska
DOI: 10.5603/PSYCH.a2020.0045
·
Psychiatria 2021;18(1):18-29.

paid access

Vol 18, No 1 (2021)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2020-10-15

Abstract

Introduction: Many obese people face compulsive eating and mental dysfunction. The aim of the study was to find
the relationship between characteristic features, personality disorders and the problem of compulsive eating in an obese
person (BMI ≥ 30).

Material and methods: 290 people, 241 women (83.1%) and 49 men (16.9%) participated in the study. The participants
were assigned to a Research group (BMI ≥ 30) or Control group (BMI 18.5–24.99). People with other eating
disorders: anorexia, bulimia and diagnosed pregnancy were excluded from the study. Data were collected by means
of an online survey and in a paper-version. The research tools which were used are an original questionnaire based on
diagnostic criteria DSM-5, ACL Adjective List, SCID II Personality Questionnaire, STAI Self Assessment Questionnaire.

Results: There was a statistically significant correlation between some types of personality disorders, intensity of certain
personality traits and anxiety as a state of mind and traits and compulsive eating syndrome in obese people. The relationships
between age, education and compulsive eating were demontsrated in the research group.

Conclusions: The treatment of obesity requires a holistic and multifaceted approach to the patient. The cognition of
the mental dysfunctions which accompanies it seems to be crucial in choosing the right therapy.

Abstract

Introduction: Many obese people face compulsive eating and mental dysfunction. The aim of the study was to find
the relationship between characteristic features, personality disorders and the problem of compulsive eating in an obese
person (BMI ≥ 30).

Material and methods: 290 people, 241 women (83.1%) and 49 men (16.9%) participated in the study. The participants
were assigned to a Research group (BMI ≥ 30) or Control group (BMI 18.5–24.99). People with other eating
disorders: anorexia, bulimia and diagnosed pregnancy were excluded from the study. Data were collected by means
of an online survey and in a paper-version. The research tools which were used are an original questionnaire based on
diagnostic criteria DSM-5, ACL Adjective List, SCID II Personality Questionnaire, STAI Self Assessment Questionnaire.

Results: There was a statistically significant correlation between some types of personality disorders, intensity of certain
personality traits and anxiety as a state of mind and traits and compulsive eating syndrome in obese people. The relationships
between age, education and compulsive eating were demontsrated in the research group.

Conclusions: The treatment of obesity requires a holistic and multifaceted approach to the patient. The cognition of
the mental dysfunctions which accompanies it seems to be crucial in choosing the right therapy.

Get Citation

Keywords

compulsive eating, personality disorders, obesity

About this article
Title

Personality disorder and compulsive overeating in obese people

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 18, No 1 (2021)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

18-29

Published online

2020-10-15

DOI

10.5603/PSYCH.a2020.0045

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2021;18(1):18-29.

Keywords

compulsive eating
personality disorders
obesity

Authors

Karolina Kobrzyńska
Marta Dagmara Dębowska

References (20)
  1. Brończyk-Puzoń A, Koszowska A, Nowak J, et al. Epidemia otyłości na świecie i w Polsce. Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych. 2014; 5(1): 1–5.
  2. Żak-Gołąb A, Tomalski R, Olszanecka-Glinianowicz M, et al. Aleksytymia u osób otyłych. Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders. 2012; 8(4): 124–129.
  3. Chanduszko-Salska J. Psychologiczne uwarunkowania nadmiernego zaabsorbowania jedzeniem. Psychiatria. 2013; 10: 1–8.
  4. Kucharska K, Kostecka B, Tylec A, et al. Binge eating disorder – etiopathogenesis, disease and treatment. Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii. 2017; 26(3): 154–164.
  5. Banach J, Szymańska J. Zespół gwałtownego objadania się - stan wiedzy. Curr Probl Psychiatry. 2011; 12(3): 318–321.
  6. Friedman MA, Brownell KD. Psychological correlates of obesity: moving to the next research generation. Psychol Bull. 1995; 117(1): 3–20.
  7. Grucza RA, Przybeck TR, Cloninger CR. Prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in a community sample. Compr Psychiatry. 2007; 48(2): 124–131.
  8. Núñez-Navarro A, Jiménez-Murcia S, Álvarez-Moya E, et al. Differentiating purging and nonpurging bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2010; 44(6): 488–496.
  9. Hudson JI, Hiripi E, Pope HG, et al. The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Biol Psychiatry. 2007; 61(3): 348–358.
  10. Ricca V, Mannucci E, Moretti S, et al. Screening for binge eating disorder in obese outpatients. Compr Psychiatry. 2000; 41(2): 111–115.
  11. Friborg O, Martinussen M, Kaiser S, et al. Personality disorders in eating disorder not otherwise specified and binge eating disorder: a meta-analysis of comorbidity studies. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2014; 202(2): 119–125.
  12. Cossrow N, Pawaskar M, Witt E, et al. Estimating the Prevalence of Binge Eating Disorder in a Community Sample From the United States. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2016; 77(08): e968–e974.
  13. Morgan J. Binge eating: ADHD, borderline personality disorder, and obesity. Psychiatry. 2008; 7(4): 188–190.
  14. Minnick AM, Cachelin FM, Durvasula RS. Personality Disorders and Psychological Functioning Among Latina Women with Eating Disorders. Behav Med. 2017; 43(3): 200–207.
  15. Gerlach G, Loeber S, Herpertz S. Personality disorders and obesity: a systematic review. Obes Rev. 2016; 17(8): 691–723.
  16. Becker DF, Masheb RM, White MA, et al. Psychiatric, behavioral, and attitudinal correlates of avoidant and obsessive-compulsive personality pathology in patients with binge-eating disorder. Compr Psychiatry. 2010; 51(5): 531–537.
  17. Dalle Grave R, Calugi S, Marchesini G, et al. QUOVADIS II Study Group. Personality features of obese women in relation to binge eating and night eating. Psychiatry Res. 2013; 207(1-2): 86–91.
  18. Izydorczyk B. Neuroticism and compulsive overeating (A comparative analysis of the level of neuroticism and anxiety in a group of females suffering from psychogenic binge eating, and in individuals exhibiting no mental or eating disorders). Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 2012; 3 : 5–13 2012.
  19. Becker DF, Grilo CM. Comorbidity of mood and substance use disorders in patients with binge-eating disorder: Associations with personality disorder and eating disorder pathology. J Psychosom Res. 2015; 79(2): 159–164.
  20. Grilo CM. Recent research of relationships among eating disorders and personality disorders. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2002; 4(1): 18–24.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Wydawcą serwisu jest Via Medica sp. z o.o. sp. komandytowa, ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl