Vol 18, No 1 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-10-14
Get Citation

The level of anxiety and attitude towards preventive vaccination obligation in pregnant women

Patrycja Szkopek, Marta Dagmara Dębowska
DOI: 10.5603/PSYCH.a2020.0043
·
Psychiatria 2021;18(1):1-7.

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Vol 18, No 1 (2021)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2020-10-14

Abstract

Introduction: Preventive vaccinations are a basic and necessary preventive measure against contagious diseases.
In recent years, the topic of the obligation to perform some vaccinations has become even more controversial,
which in turn intensifies the anti-vaccination movement. Purpose of the thesis was to evaluate the anxiety level
of the surveyed pregnant women and to determine the influence of the occurrence of the antenatal anxiety on
the attitude towards the obligation of preventive vaccinations.

Material and methods: The study was conducted by means of a diagnostic survey using a self-made internet
survey and the STAI survey questionnaire. 199 pregnant women took part in the study.

Results: The analysis of the collected material shows that 49% of respondents would vaccinate their children with
mandatory vaccinations. Only 33% of the respondents confirmed that they were informed about the obligation of
preventive vaccinations. Medical staff turned out to be in the first place as the main source of knowledge about
vaccinations. When analyzing the relationship between anxiety scales and opinions on vaccines and vaccinations,
there was a significant (p < 0.05), although low negative correlation (–0.1499) between the raw score of the
level of anxiety as a condition and the answer to the question of whether a woman would vaccinate her child.
A significant (p < 0.05) but low positive correlation (0.14950) was found between the raw score of the level of
anxiety as a trait and the answer to the same question.

Conclusions: The own study showed that the anxiety level of pregnant women who answered the survey may
influence their decision about vaccinating their children in the future. The greater the anxiety as a trait, the
more determined a woman is to have her child vaccinated and more convinced she is of the rightness of the
vaccinations, she is more afraid of her child falling ill, but the higher the belief in the importance of vaccinating
children in protecting the whole of society.

Abstract

Introduction: Preventive vaccinations are a basic and necessary preventive measure against contagious diseases.
In recent years, the topic of the obligation to perform some vaccinations has become even more controversial,
which in turn intensifies the anti-vaccination movement. Purpose of the thesis was to evaluate the anxiety level
of the surveyed pregnant women and to determine the influence of the occurrence of the antenatal anxiety on
the attitude towards the obligation of preventive vaccinations.

Material and methods: The study was conducted by means of a diagnostic survey using a self-made internet
survey and the STAI survey questionnaire. 199 pregnant women took part in the study.

Results: The analysis of the collected material shows that 49% of respondents would vaccinate their children with
mandatory vaccinations. Only 33% of the respondents confirmed that they were informed about the obligation of
preventive vaccinations. Medical staff turned out to be in the first place as the main source of knowledge about
vaccinations. When analyzing the relationship between anxiety scales and opinions on vaccines and vaccinations,
there was a significant (p < 0.05), although low negative correlation (–0.1499) between the raw score of the
level of anxiety as a condition and the answer to the question of whether a woman would vaccinate her child.
A significant (p < 0.05) but low positive correlation (0.14950) was found between the raw score of the level of
anxiety as a trait and the answer to the same question.

Conclusions: The own study showed that the anxiety level of pregnant women who answered the survey may
influence their decision about vaccinating their children in the future. The greater the anxiety as a trait, the
more determined a woman is to have her child vaccinated and more convinced she is of the rightness of the
vaccinations, she is more afraid of her child falling ill, but the higher the belief in the importance of vaccinating
children in protecting the whole of society.

Get Citation

Keywords

vaccinations, pregnant woman, antenatal anxiety

About this article
Title

The level of anxiety and attitude towards preventive vaccination obligation in pregnant women

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 18, No 1 (2021)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

1-7

Published online

2020-10-14

DOI

10.5603/PSYCH.a2020.0043

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2021;18(1):1-7.

Keywords

vaccinations
pregnant woman
antenatal anxiety

Authors

Patrycja Szkopek
Marta Dagmara Dębowska

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