Vol 5 (2020): Continuous Publishing
Review paper
Published online: 2020-12-28

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The possibilities of pharmacological intervention in myopia

Maciej Czepita1, Elena N. Iomdina2
Ophthalmol J 2020;5:150-153.

Abstract

This paper presents and discusses the current possibilities of pharmacological intervention in myopia. A review of
the latest literature regarding the pharmacological treatment of myopia has been presented.

The results of experimental research on the potential use of: atropine, oxyphenonium, pirenzepine, chlorpyrifos,
apomorphine, reserpine, 6-hydroxy dopamine, dextromethorphan, MK-801, APV, bicuculline, SR95531, CACA,
TPMPA, dextrophanol, levorphanol, D- and L-naloxane, L-NAME, formoguanamine, b-xyloside, the central and
peripheral antagonist of VIP, basic fibroblast growth factor, a solution of the basic amino acid salts in the form of
succinates, in the treatment of myopia have been described. The clinical use of pirenzepine,7-methylxanthine, and
atropine has been discussed.

The obtained results of experimental and clinical studies give hope that a new effective pharmacological method of
myopia treatment can be discovered soon.

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