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Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2018-07-20
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Reactivity of corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and/or irradiation with visible light in vitro

Roman Paduch, Anna Matysik-Woźniak, Ryszard Maciejewski, Anselm G. Jünemann, Robert Rejdak
DOI: 10.5603/OJ.2018.0026
·
Ophthalmology J 2018;3(1):1-7.

open access

Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2018-07-20

Abstract

INTRODUCTION. Visible light and inflammation caused by bacterial endotoxins strongly influence direct cell interactions and modulate the expression of selected factors, such as nitric oxide (NO) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The aim of the study is to establish whether exposition of corneal or conjunctival epithelial cells to visible light and/ or LPS may change their viability, direct cellular interactions and expression of NO and COX-2.

MATERIALS AND METHODS. In vitro cultured human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells were used in the study. The following assays were performed: Neutral Red (NR) uptake, nitric oxide (NO) quantification by the Griess method, cytoskeletal F-actin organization by fluorescent staining, and COX-2 expression by immunofluorescence.

RESULTS. LPS reduced the viability of the cells, especially conjunctival epithelial cells. All cell stimulation variants tested (visible light and/or LPS treatment) led to decreased nitric oxide (NO) production both by corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells. No changes in cytoskeletal F-actin filaments were observed after the cells had been treated with light or the endotoxin. LPS slightly increased COX-2 expression, but light had no, or a slightly reducing, effect on the level of this enzyme.

CONCLUSIONS. Visible light and/or bacterial endotoxin (LPS) may, depending on the local microenvironmental conditions, cooperate or interfere with each other’s activity in inducing ocular surface inflammation.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION. Visible light and inflammation caused by bacterial endotoxins strongly influence direct cell interactions and modulate the expression of selected factors, such as nitric oxide (NO) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). The aim of the study is to establish whether exposition of corneal or conjunctival epithelial cells to visible light and/ or LPS may change their viability, direct cellular interactions and expression of NO and COX-2.

MATERIALS AND METHODS. In vitro cultured human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells were used in the study. The following assays were performed: Neutral Red (NR) uptake, nitric oxide (NO) quantification by the Griess method, cytoskeletal F-actin organization by fluorescent staining, and COX-2 expression by immunofluorescence.

RESULTS. LPS reduced the viability of the cells, especially conjunctival epithelial cells. All cell stimulation variants tested (visible light and/or LPS treatment) led to decreased nitric oxide (NO) production both by corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells. No changes in cytoskeletal F-actin filaments were observed after the cells had been treated with light or the endotoxin. LPS slightly increased COX-2 expression, but light had no, or a slightly reducing, effect on the level of this enzyme.

CONCLUSIONS. Visible light and/or bacterial endotoxin (LPS) may, depending on the local microenvironmental conditions, cooperate or interfere with each other’s activity in inducing ocular surface inflammation.

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Keywords

Corneal epithelial cells, conjunctival epithelial cells, visible light irradiation, lipopolysaccharide, cyclooxygenase-2, nitric oxide

About this article
Title

Reactivity of corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and/or irradiation with visible light in vitro

Journal

Ophthalmology Journal

Issue

Vol 3, No 1 (2018)

Pages

1-7

Published online

2018-07-20

DOI

10.5603/OJ.2018.0026

Bibliographic record

Ophthalmology J 2018;3(1):1-7.

Keywords

Corneal epithelial cells
conjunctival epithelial cells
visible light irradiation
lipopolysaccharide
cyclooxygenase-2
nitric oxide

Authors

Roman Paduch
Anna Matysik-Woźniak
Ryszard Maciejewski
Anselm G. Jünemann
Robert Rejdak

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