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Review paper
Published online: 2021-06-10
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Lung cancer among women — identifying risk factors

Anna Trojnar, Joanna Domagała-Kulawik
DOI: 10.5603/OCP.2021.0020

open access

Ahead of print
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2021-06-10

Abstract

The number of lung cancer cases estimates globally 2 million according to WHO, which represents approximately 11.6% of all cancers. The problem of lung diseases among women and women’s lung cancer is relatively not often discussed in the literature. There is evidence that there is a different distribution of histological types between sexes. The prevalence of adenocarcinoma (ADC) among women is observed for many years with an increasing tendency. This review focuses on the lung cancer risk factors such as tobacco smoking, second-hand smoke exposure, genetic and environmental factors, comorbidities and infectious agents. The declining tendency in smoking points to the necessity of focusing on other risk factors. Analysis of them within the context of morbidity and mortality can help to develop more effective screening programs.

Abstract

The number of lung cancer cases estimates globally 2 million according to WHO, which represents approximately 11.6% of all cancers. The problem of lung diseases among women and women’s lung cancer is relatively not often discussed in the literature. There is evidence that there is a different distribution of histological types between sexes. The prevalence of adenocarcinoma (ADC) among women is observed for many years with an increasing tendency. This review focuses on the lung cancer risk factors such as tobacco smoking, second-hand smoke exposure, genetic and environmental factors, comorbidities and infectious agents. The declining tendency in smoking points to the necessity of focusing on other risk factors. Analysis of them within the context of morbidity and mortality can help to develop more effective screening programs.

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Keywords

lung cancer; women; smoking; adenocarcinoma; risk factors

About this article
Title

Lung cancer among women — identifying risk factors

Journal

Oncology in Clinical Practice

Issue

Ahead of print

Article type

Review paper

Published online

2021-06-10

DOI

10.5603/OCP.2021.0020

Keywords

lung cancer
women
smoking
adenocarcinoma
risk factors

Authors

Anna Trojnar
Joanna Domagała-Kulawik

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