open access

Vol 4, No 1 (2001)
Basic sciences
Published online: 2000-05-25
Submitted: 2012-01-23
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18F-fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in the heart, brain and skeletal muscle of rats; the influence of time after injection, depressed lipid metabolism and glucose-insulin

Jan Kasalicky, Marie Konopkova, Frantiśek Melichar
Nucl. Med. Rev 2001;4(1):39-42.

open access

Vol 4, No 1 (2001)
Basic sciences
Published online: 2000-05-25
Submitted: 2012-01-23

Abstract

BACKGROUND: to study the effect of lipid depressing drugs on 18FDG myocardial concentration. The changes of 18FDG uptake in myocardium, brain and skeletal muscle of rats were compared as influenced by acipimox, tyloxapol and glucose with insulin.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: 5.55 MBq of 18FDG were administered to Wistar rats. Control rats were killed 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes following intravenous injection and the radioactivity concentration (cpm/g of tissue) in relation to injected cpm was determined in a well crystal adjusted to 511 KeV in order to check the time of maximal 18FDG tissue uptake. The radioactivity in myocardium, skeletal muscle and brain in intact animals was compared with that of rats treated with tyloxapol (tritton WR 1339, 125 mg intravenously immediately before 18FDG injection), acipimox (nicotinic acid derivative, 25 mg by stomach cannula 15 minutes before 18FDG), or glucose with insulin (intravenous injection of 0.04 g and 0.04 UI immediately before 18FDG). The animals were killed 45 minutes following 18FDG injection.
RESULTS: Tyloxapol and acipimox significantly elevated myocardial 18FDG concentration (tyloxapol +37% and acipimox +48%), but the increase in 18FDG concentration after glucose and insulin was slight and insignificant. The changes in skeletal muscle after lipid depressing agents were quite contrasting; the decrease in 18FDG concentration was -74% after tyloxapol and -44% following acipimox administration. The accumulation of 18FDG in brain was not influenced markedly by the drugs used or by glucose with insulin.
CONCLUSION: The highest 18FDG uptake in myocardium could be achieved by depressing the lipid metabolism and not by administration of glucose with insulin only. A marked increase in glucose accumulation in myocardium is not possible without previous shift from the utilisation of fatty acids. This finding is fully in agreement with present knowledge about energetic metabolism of myocardium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: to study the effect of lipid depressing drugs on 18FDG myocardial concentration. The changes of 18FDG uptake in myocardium, brain and skeletal muscle of rats were compared as influenced by acipimox, tyloxapol and glucose with insulin.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: 5.55 MBq of 18FDG were administered to Wistar rats. Control rats were killed 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes following intravenous injection and the radioactivity concentration (cpm/g of tissue) in relation to injected cpm was determined in a well crystal adjusted to 511 KeV in order to check the time of maximal 18FDG tissue uptake. The radioactivity in myocardium, skeletal muscle and brain in intact animals was compared with that of rats treated with tyloxapol (tritton WR 1339, 125 mg intravenously immediately before 18FDG injection), acipimox (nicotinic acid derivative, 25 mg by stomach cannula 15 minutes before 18FDG), or glucose with insulin (intravenous injection of 0.04 g and 0.04 UI immediately before 18FDG). The animals were killed 45 minutes following 18FDG injection.
RESULTS: Tyloxapol and acipimox significantly elevated myocardial 18FDG concentration (tyloxapol +37% and acipimox +48%), but the increase in 18FDG concentration after glucose and insulin was slight and insignificant. The changes in skeletal muscle after lipid depressing agents were quite contrasting; the decrease in 18FDG concentration was -74% after tyloxapol and -44% following acipimox administration. The accumulation of 18FDG in brain was not influenced markedly by the drugs used or by glucose with insulin.
CONCLUSION: The highest 18FDG uptake in myocardium could be achieved by depressing the lipid metabolism and not by administration of glucose with insulin only. A marked increase in glucose accumulation in myocardium is not possible without previous shift from the utilisation of fatty acids. This finding is fully in agreement with present knowledge about energetic metabolism of myocardium.
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Keywords

18FDG; myocardium; acipimox; glucose; insulin

About this article
Title

18F-fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in the heart, brain and skeletal muscle of rats; the influence of time after injection, depressed lipid metabolism and glucose-insulin

Journal

Nuclear Medicine Review

Issue

Vol 4, No 1 (2001)

Pages

39-42

Published online

2000-05-25

Bibliographic record

Nucl. Med. Rev 2001;4(1):39-42.

Keywords

18FDG
myocardium
acipimox
glucose
insulin

Authors

Jan Kasalicky
Marie Konopkova
Frantiśek Melichar

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