open access

Vol 5, No 1 (2002)
Published online: 2002-01-17
Submitted: 2012-01-23
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The relationship between gallbladder motility and the presence of enterogastric reflux

Vera M. Artiko, Hemzeh Chebib, Nebojsa Petrovic, Milorad Petrovic, Predrag Pesko, Wladimir Y. Ussov, Vladimir Obradovic
Nucl. Med. Rev 2002;5(1):25-28.

open access

Vol 5, No 1 (2002)
Published online: 2002-01-17
Submitted: 2012-01-23

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was an estimation of the relation between the gallbladder (GB) motility function and the presence and quantity of enterogastric reflux (EGR).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We investigated 172 patients: 90 with physiological GB function (filling and emptying) (FGB), 21 with impaired GB function (prolonged filling and ejection fraction < 45%) and 61 with afunctional gallbladder (AGB) (without visualisation).
The study was performed during 90 min (1 f/min) after i.v. application of 185 MBq 99m Tc-dietil IDA. After 30 min, a test meal was given while at the end the stomach was marked. According to the parameters from time activity curves over the stomach and hepatobiliary system, the index of EGR was calculated, while GB filling and ejection fraction were estimated from the GB time/activity curve.
RESULTS: Most frequently, EGR occurs in AGB (47.5%), followed by IGB (43%) and FGB (41%), without significant differences (p > 0.05). The significantly (p < 0.05) highest value of EGR was obtained in the patients with AGB in comparison to IGB and FGB. EGR values were in correlation (r = 0.168, p < 0.05) with the functional status of the GB. In the patients with pathological values of EGR (> 10%), significantly higher values (p < 0.05) are obtained in AGB than in IGB and FGB. Also, these values were in correlation with the functional status of the GB (r = 0.284, p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: We can conclude that EGR occurs more frequently in the patients with afunctional GB in comparison with those with functional and decreased motor function. Also, EGR quantity is in correlation with the impairment of the GB function.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was an estimation of the relation between the gallbladder (GB) motility function and the presence and quantity of enterogastric reflux (EGR).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We investigated 172 patients: 90 with physiological GB function (filling and emptying) (FGB), 21 with impaired GB function (prolonged filling and ejection fraction < 45%) and 61 with afunctional gallbladder (AGB) (without visualisation).
The study was performed during 90 min (1 f/min) after i.v. application of 185 MBq 99m Tc-dietil IDA. After 30 min, a test meal was given while at the end the stomach was marked. According to the parameters from time activity curves over the stomach and hepatobiliary system, the index of EGR was calculated, while GB filling and ejection fraction were estimated from the GB time/activity curve.
RESULTS: Most frequently, EGR occurs in AGB (47.5%), followed by IGB (43%) and FGB (41%), without significant differences (p > 0.05). The significantly (p < 0.05) highest value of EGR was obtained in the patients with AGB in comparison to IGB and FGB. EGR values were in correlation (r = 0.168, p < 0.05) with the functional status of the GB. In the patients with pathological values of EGR (> 10%), significantly higher values (p < 0.05) are obtained in AGB than in IGB and FGB. Also, these values were in correlation with the functional status of the GB (r = 0.284, p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: We can conclude that EGR occurs more frequently in the patients with afunctional GB in comparison with those with functional and decreased motor function. Also, EGR quantity is in correlation with the impairment of the GB function.
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Keywords

gallbladder motility; enterogastric reflux; hepatobiliary scintigraphy

About this article
Title

The relationship between gallbladder motility and the presence of enterogastric reflux

Journal

Nuclear Medicine Review

Issue

Vol 5, No 1 (2002)

Pages

25-28

Published online

2002-01-17

Bibliographic record

Nucl. Med. Rev 2002;5(1):25-28.

Keywords

gallbladder motility
enterogastric reflux
hepatobiliary scintigraphy

Authors

Vera M. Artiko
Hemzeh Chebib
Nebojsa Petrovic
Milorad Petrovic
Predrag Pesko
Wladimir Y. Ussov
Vladimir Obradovic

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