open access

Vol 8, No 1 (2005)
Original articles
Published online: 2005-06-21
Submitted: 2012-01-23
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Uptake of radiolabelled modified fragment of human alfa-fetoptrotein by experimental mammary adenocarcinoma: in vitro and in vivo studies

Piotr Garnuszek, Rafał Wiercioch, Helena Sztajer, Urszula Karczmarczyk, Marek Mirowski
Nucl. Med. Rev 2005;8(1):6-10.

open access

Vol 8, No 1 (2005)
Original articles
Published online: 2005-06-21
Submitted: 2012-01-23

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to examine in vitro and in vivo binding of radiolabelled analogues of P149 peptide by experimental mammary adenocarcinoma with the intention of potential application for diagnosis and internal radiotherapy of tumours.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The 36-amino acid peptide (P149-QY) of 90% homology to 447–480 peptide fragment of hAFP was synthesised and radiolabelled with iodine-125. The biodistribution of P149-Q[125I]-Y was studied in experimental mammary tumours. For in vitro experiments, extract from mouse mammary tumours were prepared and incubated with radioiodinated P149-QY peptide in the presence of a cross-linking reagent.
RESULTS: The gel electrophoresis analysis (SDS-PAGE) showed that radioiodinated P149-QY peptide formed a complex with adenocarcinoma proteins of about 30 kDa. The biodistribution of P149-Q[125I]-Y studied in experimental mammary tumours revealed a higher pharmacokinetic rate in comparison with the whole radioiodinated AFP molecule. A moderate uptake of P149-Q[125I]-Y in the tumour tissue was observed (3.2% ID/g at 30-min p.i.v). However, a faster radioactivity clearance from blood and normal tissues resulted in an increase in the tumour/muscle (T/M) ratio, i.e. from 2.3 to 3.4 after 30 mins and 24 h p.i.v, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that radioiodinated P149-QY peptide reveals some positive features as the AFP receptor radioligand, however, some additional structural modifications of the initial peptide molecule are necessary for full retention of the ligand-receptor interaction of its radiolabelled forms.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to examine in vitro and in vivo binding of radiolabelled analogues of P149 peptide by experimental mammary adenocarcinoma with the intention of potential application for diagnosis and internal radiotherapy of tumours.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The 36-amino acid peptide (P149-QY) of 90% homology to 447–480 peptide fragment of hAFP was synthesised and radiolabelled with iodine-125. The biodistribution of P149-Q[125I]-Y was studied in experimental mammary tumours. For in vitro experiments, extract from mouse mammary tumours were prepared and incubated with radioiodinated P149-QY peptide in the presence of a cross-linking reagent.
RESULTS: The gel electrophoresis analysis (SDS-PAGE) showed that radioiodinated P149-QY peptide formed a complex with adenocarcinoma proteins of about 30 kDa. The biodistribution of P149-Q[125I]-Y studied in experimental mammary tumours revealed a higher pharmacokinetic rate in comparison with the whole radioiodinated AFP molecule. A moderate uptake of P149-Q[125I]-Y in the tumour tissue was observed (3.2% ID/g at 30-min p.i.v). However, a faster radioactivity clearance from blood and normal tissues resulted in an increase in the tumour/muscle (T/M) ratio, i.e. from 2.3 to 3.4 after 30 mins and 24 h p.i.v, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that radioiodinated P149-QY peptide reveals some positive features as the AFP receptor radioligand, however, some additional structural modifications of the initial peptide molecule are necessary for full retention of the ligand-receptor interaction of its radiolabelled forms.
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Keywords

alfa-fetoprotein; alfa-fetoprotein receptor; P149-QY peptide; radiolabelling; mammary adenocarcinoma

About this article
Title

Uptake of radiolabelled modified fragment of human alfa-fetoptrotein by experimental mammary adenocarcinoma: in vitro and in vivo studies

Journal

Nuclear Medicine Review

Issue

Vol 8, No 1 (2005)

Pages

6-10

Published online

2005-06-21

Bibliographic record

Nucl. Med. Rev 2005;8(1):6-10.

Keywords

alfa-fetoprotein
alfa-fetoprotein receptor
P149-QY peptide
radiolabelling
mammary adenocarcinoma

Authors

Piotr Garnuszek
Rafał Wiercioch
Helena Sztajer
Urszula Karczmarczyk
Marek Mirowski

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