Vol 72, No 4 (2022)
Review paper
Published online: 2022-08-22

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Tumor and normal tissue radiation side effects

Bogusław Maciejewski1
Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology 2022;72(4):242-246.


This paper presents the various side effects of radiation including tumor cure probability (TCP) accompanied with fre­quently severe but transient acute side effects in the surrounding normal (mainly epithelial) tissues and also the risk of late side effects in normal organs, confined to their partial or whole volumes. Besides the local side effects, unexpected exposure to low radiation doses results in the stochastic risk of mutagenic, teratogenic or cancerogenic side effects. In order to minimize the risk of various radiation side effects, some obligatory radiation protection constraints should be restrictively fulfilled.

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