open access

Vol 71, No 2 (2021)
Review paper
Published online: 2021-04-06
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Colon cancer in the older population

Jakub Kenig
DOI: 10.5603/NJO.2021.0025
·
Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology 2021;71(2):119-121.

open access

Vol 71, No 2 (2021)
Oncogeriatrics
Published online: 2021-04-06

Abstract

Fifty percent of new diagnoses of colorectal cancer are made in patients aged over 70 years, and 25% are aged 80 years or over. Older patients tend to have locally advanced colon cancer, with negative lymph nodes and without distant me­tastasis. Frequently the colon cancer is located on the right side. There is still a belief that older patients can not manage curative treatment regimens. This is based on the results of older studies showing higher rates of short-term morbidity and mortality. At present, we are observing significant improvements in the outcomes of older patients with colon cancer in high volume centers. This could be due to better preoperative staging, increased use of minimally invasive techniques, better anesthesiology and perioperative care, awareness of complications, expertise and high-volume care. A standardized pre-operative diagnostic approach, individualized surgical technique selection and tailored postoperative care are essential for the successful treatment of older patients. Furthermore, counseling and shared decision-making should be based on modern insights in surgical outcomes rather than outdated data.

Abstract

Fifty percent of new diagnoses of colorectal cancer are made in patients aged over 70 years, and 25% are aged 80 years or over. Older patients tend to have locally advanced colon cancer, with negative lymph nodes and without distant me­tastasis. Frequently the colon cancer is located on the right side. There is still a belief that older patients can not manage curative treatment regimens. This is based on the results of older studies showing higher rates of short-term morbidity and mortality. At present, we are observing significant improvements in the outcomes of older patients with colon cancer in high volume centers. This could be due to better preoperative staging, increased use of minimally invasive techniques, better anesthesiology and perioperative care, awareness of complications, expertise and high-volume care. A standardized pre-operative diagnostic approach, individualized surgical technique selection and tailored postoperative care are essential for the successful treatment of older patients. Furthermore, counseling and shared decision-making should be based on modern insights in surgical outcomes rather than outdated data.

Get Citation

Keywords

older oncologic patients; elderly; colon cancer; frailty

About this article
Title

Colon cancer in the older population

Journal

Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology

Issue

Vol 71, No 2 (2021)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

119-121

Published online

2021-04-06

DOI

10.5603/NJO.2021.0025

Bibliographic record

Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology 2021;71(2):119-121.

Keywords

older oncologic patients
elderly
colon cancer
frailty

Authors

Jakub Kenig

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