Ahead of print
Research paper (original)
Published online: 2024-05-10

open access

Page views 64
Article views/downloads 22
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

Frequency of malnutrition in older adults according to different types of cancer

Teodoro J. Oscanoa123, Edwin Cieza-Macedo123, Maryam Pourhassan4, Roman Romero-Ortuno56


Introduction. The severity and prevalence of cancer-related malnutrition vary among different cancer types. This study assessed malnutrition frequency in older adults (≥60 years) based on specific cancer types.

Material and methods. An observational, retrospective, case-control study reviewed electronic reports, with (cases) and without cancer (controls) patients. Malnutrition was defined using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF).

Results. Malnutrition prevalence was 31.5% in cases and 13.2% in controls (p < 0.001), with an odds ratio (OR) of 3.0; 95% CI: 2.0–4.5; p < 0.001. The highest malnutrition risk was associated with pancreatic cancer (OR: 47.2), followed by head and neck (OR: 18.2), esophagus and stomach (OR: 15.9), lung (OR: 13.3), bile ducts (OR: 18.2), and colorectal (OR: 4.2) cancers (p < 0.001).

Conclusions. The prevalence of malnutrition varies by cancer type, with pancreatic, head and neck, esophagus and stomach and lung cancers showing the highest risk.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file

Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology