Vol 71, No 1 (2021)
Review paper
Published online: 2021-02-05

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The surgical anatomy of the mammary gland. Vascularisation, innervation, lymphatic drainage, the structure of the axillary fossa (part 2.)

Sławomir Cieśla1, Mateusz Wichtowski12, Róża Poźniak-Balicka34, Dawid Murawa12
Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology 2021;71(1):62-69.


Dynamically developing oncoplasty, i.e. the application of plastic surgery methods in oncological breast surgeries, requires excellent knowledge of mammary gland anatomy. This article presents the details of arterial blood supply and venous blood outflow as well as breast innervation with a special focus on the nipple-areolar complex, and the lymphatic system with lymphatic outflow routes. Additionally, it provides an extensive description of the axillary fossa anatomy.

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Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology