Vol 70, No 5 (2020)
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The surgical anatomy of the mammary gland (part 1.). General structure, embryogenesis, histology, the nipple-areolar complex, the fascia of the glandular tissue and the chest wall

Sławomir Cieśla1, Mateusz Wichtowski12, Róża Poźniak-Balicka34, Dawid Murawa12
Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology 2020;70(5):211-219.


The rapid development of surgical techniques used in breast surgery requires an excellent knowledge of mammary gland anatomy. This article presents the most up-to-date information on embryogenesis as well as the histology and general anatomy of the breast. Particular attention has been given to the structure of the nipple-areolar complex and the anatomy of the chest wall and mammary gland fascia.

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Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology