Vol 55, No 3 (2021)
Research Paper
Published online: 2021-05-13

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Movement disorders associated with chromosomal aberrations diagnosed in adult patients

Monika Figura1, Maciej Geremek2, Łukasz M. Milanowski13, Izabela Meisner-Kramarz1, Karolina Duszyńska-Wąs1, Stanisław Szlufik1, Dorota Różański1, Marta Smyk2, Dariusz Koziorowski1
Pubmed: 34037980
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2021;55(3):300-305.

Abstract

Introduction. Chromosomal aberrations are rare but important causes of various movement disorders. In cases of movement disorders associated with dysmorphic features, multiorgan involvement and/or intellectual disability, the identification of causative chromosomal aberrations should be considered. Aim of the study. The purpose of this article was to summarise clinical findings in six patients with dystonia and two with parkinsonism and identified chromosomal aberrations in a single-centre prospective study. Materials and methods. 15 adult patients with dystonia or parkinsonism were referred to array comparative genomic hybridisation (aCGH) testing from our Department of Neurology between 2014 and 2019. Additionally, one patient had a karyotype examination. Detailed clinical, psychological and radiological diagnostics were performed in each case. Results. Chromosomal aberrations were identified in six patients with dystonia and two with parkinsonism. Two patients were identified with aberrations associated with de Grouchy syndrome. We also reported generalised dystonia in patients with deletion in 3q26.31 and duplication in 3p26.3, as well as dystonia and hypoacusis in a patient with duplication in Xq26.3. One patient was diagnosed with duplication in 21q21.1. Early-onset parkinsonism was a manifestation of deletion in the 2q24.1 region. Late onset parkinsonism was also present in the patient with the most severe aberrations (duplication 1q21.1q44; deletion 10p15.3p15.1; deletion 10q11.21). Conclusions. Dystonia and parkinsonism are possible manifestations of chromosomal aberrations. Chromosomal aberrations should be excluded in patients with early-onset movement disorders and concomitant dysmorphic features and/or intellectual disability. It is important to include this cause of movement disorders in future classifications. aCGH can be a valuable diagnostic tool in the evaluation of movement disorder aetiology.

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Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska