open access

Ahead of print
Research paper
Published online: 2020-09-04
Submitted: 2020-05-10
Accepted: 2020-07-17
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Differences in acute ischaemic stroke care in Poland: analysis of claims database of National Health Fund in 2017

Michał Maluchnik, Danuta Ryglewicz, Halina Sienkiewicz-Jarosz, Adam Kobayashi, Maria Barcikowska-Kotowicz, Barbara Więckowska, Bartosz Karaszewski, Maciej Niewada
DOI: 10.5603/PJNNS.a2020.0066
·
Pubmed: 32885830

open access

Ahead of print
Research paper
Published online: 2020-09-04
Submitted: 2020-05-10
Accepted: 2020-07-17

Abstract

Selected and basic indicators of acute ischaemic stroke care in Poland are reported cross-regionally based on the analysis of claims data of the National Health Fund (NFZ) in 2017, the most reliable source of healthcare funding in the country, being a single public payer. For research purposes, a selection algorithm based on the diagnosis coded as I63 according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) was used to identify all ischaemic stroke patients in the claims database provided by the NFZ. Stroke units and other centres providing treatment for acute ischaemic stroke patients were examined. The analysis showed marked differences between provinces in terms of stroke unit treatment availability. The crude and standardised rates of acute ischaemic stroke admissions to stroke units varied between provinces. Moreover, substantial differences were observed for the thrombolysis implementation rate, access to rehabilitation, hospital stay and early prognosis. As the leading cause of disability and the second leading cause of death in developed countries, stroke requires a well-organised, evidence-based healthcare system provided for both acute treatment and rehabilitation. Continuous monitoring of healthcare is crucial to identify weaknesses and areas for improvement.

Abstract

Selected and basic indicators of acute ischaemic stroke care in Poland are reported cross-regionally based on the analysis of claims data of the National Health Fund (NFZ) in 2017, the most reliable source of healthcare funding in the country, being a single public payer. For research purposes, a selection algorithm based on the diagnosis coded as I63 according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) was used to identify all ischaemic stroke patients in the claims database provided by the NFZ. Stroke units and other centres providing treatment for acute ischaemic stroke patients were examined. The analysis showed marked differences between provinces in terms of stroke unit treatment availability. The crude and standardised rates of acute ischaemic stroke admissions to stroke units varied between provinces. Moreover, substantial differences were observed for the thrombolysis implementation rate, access to rehabilitation, hospital stay and early prognosis. As the leading cause of disability and the second leading cause of death in developed countries, stroke requires a well-organised, evidence-based healthcare system provided for both acute treatment and rehabilitation. Continuous monitoring of healthcare is crucial to identify weaknesses and areas for improvement.

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Keywords

acute ischaemic stroke, thrombolysis, rehabilitation, mortality

About this article
Title

Differences in acute ischaemic stroke care in Poland: analysis of claims database of National Health Fund in 2017

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Ahead of print

Published online

2020-09-04

DOI

10.5603/PJNNS.a2020.0066

Pubmed

32885830

Keywords

acute ischaemic stroke
thrombolysis
rehabilitation
mortality

Authors

Michał Maluchnik
Danuta Ryglewicz
Halina Sienkiewicz-Jarosz
Adam Kobayashi
Maria Barcikowska-Kotowicz
Barbara Więckowska
Bartosz Karaszewski
Maciej Niewada

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