Vol 54, No 2 (2020)
Review article
Published online: 2020-01-27
Submitted: 2019-09-08
Accepted: 2019-11-27
Get Citation

Paediatric stroke — a review of current guidelines for diagnosis and treatment

Zofia Oborska, Paulina Urban, Karolina Wychowaniec, Sergiusz Jóźwiak
DOI: 10.5603/PJNNS.a2020.0010
·
Pubmed: 31985031
·
Neurol Neurochir Pol 2020;54(2):116-124.

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Vol 54, No 2 (2020)
Review article
Published online: 2020-01-27
Submitted: 2019-09-08
Accepted: 2019-11-27

Abstract

Stroke, increasingly recognised in children in recent years, is an important cause of long-term morbidity and disability. It can be classified by the stroke type as either arterial ischaemic stroke (AIS), haemorrhagic stroke (HS), or cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT). Furthermore, perinatal and childhood stroke can be distinguished. A wide range of conditions associated with paediatric stroke has been identified, which differ significantly from those in adults. A paediatric stroke can also present with a variety of symptoms and signs, both specific and non-specific. Because of the diversity of the underlying risk factors, limited awareness among the medical community, and therefore insufficient recognition of paediatric stroke symptoms, diagnosis can be difficult and is often delayed. This limits access to acute interventions. The goal of this paper was to examine the current guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of paediatric stroke.

Abstract

Stroke, increasingly recognised in children in recent years, is an important cause of long-term morbidity and disability. It can be classified by the stroke type as either arterial ischaemic stroke (AIS), haemorrhagic stroke (HS), or cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT). Furthermore, perinatal and childhood stroke can be distinguished. A wide range of conditions associated with paediatric stroke has been identified, which differ significantly from those in adults. A paediatric stroke can also present with a variety of symptoms and signs, both specific and non-specific. Because of the diversity of the underlying risk factors, limited awareness among the medical community, and therefore insufficient recognition of paediatric stroke symptoms, diagnosis can be difficult and is often delayed. This limits access to acute interventions. The goal of this paper was to examine the current guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of paediatric stroke.

Get Citation

Keywords

arterial ischaemic stroke, paediatric stroke, management, guidelines

About this article
Title

Paediatric stroke — a review of current guidelines for diagnosis and treatment

Journal

Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska

Issue

Vol 54, No 2 (2020)

Pages

116-124

Published online

2020-01-27

DOI

10.5603/PJNNS.a2020.0010

Pubmed

31985031

Bibliographic record

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2020;54(2):116-124.

Keywords

arterial ischaemic stroke
paediatric stroke
management
guidelines

Authors

Zofia Oborska
Paulina Urban
Karolina Wychowaniec
Sergiusz Jóźwiak

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