Vol 9, No 1 (2024)
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Published online: 2023-12-18

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Effect of low-frequency magnetic field (magnetic stimulation) and kinesitherapy on the level of selected blood parameters in haemodialysis patients

Patrycja Widłak1, Łukasz Tomczyk2, Marta Woldańska-Okońska3, Piotr Bartnicki4
Medical Research Journal 2024;9(1):3-10.

Abstract

Introduction: Abnormalities in the secretory and endocrine functions of the kidneys are often diagnosed in patients
with chronic kidney disease and undergoing haemodialysis, leading to disturbances in body homeostasis.
Frequent multimorbidity is an additional factor that negatively affects homeostasis. These factors contribute to
a decrease in cardiopulmonary fitness, deterioration of the patient’s psychophysical status, and, consequently,
a decrease in quality of life. Due to several limitations of rehabilitation in this group of patients, solutions are
constantly being sought to safely avoid or reduce the problems resulting from the above health burdens. Among
the least invasive methods are magnetic stimulation and properly prepared and administered kinesitherapy.

Aim of the study: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of magnetic stimulation and kinesitherapy on
selected blood parameters in haemodialysis patients.

Material and methods: The study covered 26 people. Six patients received magnetic stimulation and
kinesitherapy, 10 received only kinesitherapy, and the others were in the control group. At baseline and
after 6 and 12 weeks, blood tests were performed in all three groups to evaluate changes in the parameters
studied (RBC, Hb, HCT, WBC, PLT, Na ions, K ions, Cl ions, urea, Pi, tCa, ALP and parathormone).

Results: There were no statistically significant differences in the blood parameters studied, except for urea. The urea
level in the group where patients underwent magnetic stimulation and exercise increased in the second collection
but decreased in the third, whereas in the exercise-only group, it showed an increasing trend in all 3 collections.
Conclusions: The levels of the assessed blood parameters do not show statistically significant changes
(except for urea). However, one can observe certain non-statistically significant changes in the assessed
blood parameters that are more noticeable in the study groups than in the control group. Therefore, it
can be suspected that both treatments involving magnetic stimulation in combination with exercise and
exercise alone have an impact on the human body. However, further research in this area is necessary.

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