Vol 9, No 2 (2024)
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Published online: 2024-06-28

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Functioning of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Aleksandra Jaworska-Czerwińska1, Marta Lewicka1
Medical Research Journal 2024;9(2):209-214.


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic lifestyle condition that affects the lives of millions of
people worldwide. This study aimed to assess the functioning of patients with type 2 diabetes using the
Functioning in the Chronic Illness Scale. The study’s objective encompassed an analysis of the correlation
between patients’ functionality and their level of illness acceptance.

Material and methods: This study used a self-developed questionnaire that collected clinical and sociodemographic
data and the Functioning in the Chronic Illness Scale (FCIS), a standardized tool used among
104 patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who were treated at a diabetic clinic. To verify whether the
level of functioning in the examined subjects was associated with the level of illness acceptance, the
Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS) was utilized.

Results: The mean FCIS score was 88.24 ± 11.45, indicating medium functioning. The study also showed
that older patients were less likely to believe that they had a real effect on their health and the disease itself
(p < 0.001). These analyses showed that respondents with a high level of illness acceptance maintained
a high level of functioning in the disease (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Regular assessment of individuals with type 2 diabetes and identification of factors that impact
their living may help select treatment methods, plan of care and strengthen the sense of responsibility for
their own health, especially in older patients.

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