Vol 9, No 2 (2024)
Original article
Published online: 2024-06-28

open access

Page views 111
Article views/downloads 43
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

Functioning of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Aleksandra Jaworska-Czerwińska1, Marta Lewicka1
Medical Research Journal 2024;9(2):209-214.

Abstract

Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic lifestyle condition that affects the lives of millions of
people worldwide. This study aimed to assess the functioning of patients with type 2 diabetes using the
Functioning in the Chronic Illness Scale. The study’s objective encompassed an analysis of the correlation
between patients’ functionality and their level of illness acceptance.

Material and methods: This study used a self-developed questionnaire that collected clinical and sociodemographic
data and the Functioning in the Chronic Illness Scale (FCIS), a standardized tool used among
104 patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who were treated at a diabetic clinic. To verify whether the
level of functioning in the examined subjects was associated with the level of illness acceptance, the
Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS) was utilized.

Results: The mean FCIS score was 88.24 ± 11.45, indicating medium functioning. The study also showed
that older patients were less likely to believe that they had a real effect on their health and the disease itself
(p < 0.001). These analyses showed that respondents with a high level of illness acceptance maintained
a high level of functioning in the disease (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Regular assessment of individuals with type 2 diabetes and identification of factors that impact
their living may help select treatment methods, plan of care and strengthen the sense of responsibility for
their own health, especially in older patients.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file

References

  1. Maresova P, Javanmardi E, Barakovic S, et al. Consequences of chronic diseases and other limitations associated with old age – a scoping review. BMC Public Health. 2019; 19(1): 1431.
  2. List JF, Woo V, Morales E, et al. Sodium-glucose cotransport inhibition with dapagliflozin in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009; 32(4): 650–657.
  3. Okerson T, Chilton RJ. The cardiovascular effects of GLP-1 receptor agonists. Cardiovasc Ther. 2012; 30(3): e146–e155.
  4. Rozporządzenie Ministra Zdrowia w sprawie wyrobów medycznych wydawanych na zlecenie z dnia 29 maja 2017 (Dz. U 2019 poz 1267 z późn zm.
  5. ElSayed NA, Aleppo G, Aroda VR, et al. 16. Diabetes Care in the Hospital: Standards of Care in Diabetes-2023. Diabetes Care. 2023; 46(Suppl 1): S267–S278.
  6. Pietrzykowska E, Zozulińska D, Wierusz-Wysocka B. Jakość życia chorych na cukrzycę. Pol. Merkuriusz Lek. 2007; 136: 311–313.
  7. Buszko K, Pietrzykowski Ł, Michalski P, et al. Validation of the Functioning in Chronic Illness Scale (FCIS). Medical Research Journal. 2018; 3(2): 63–69.
  8. Felton BJ, Revension TA, Hionrichsen GA. Skala akceptacji choroby AIS. W: Juczyński Z. Narzędzia pomiaru w promocji i psychoonkologii zdrowia. Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych, Warszawa. ; 2009: 162–166.
  9. Pazderska M. The quality of life and dietetic conditioning of diabetes patients receiving outpatient treatment. Long-Term Care Nursing. 2017; 2(3).
  10. Tomala B. Cukrzyca typu 2. Jakość życia pacjentów. Toruń-Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski Wydawnictwo Edukacyjne Akapit sc.& Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu i Przedsiębiorczości w Ostrowcu Świętokrzyskim, Toruń 2021.
  11. Reis A, Cunha M, Bianchin M, et al. Comparison of quality of life and functionality in type 2 diabetics with and without insulin. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) . . 2019; 65(12): 1464–1469.
  12. Rogon I, Kasprzak Z, Szcześniak Ł. Perceived quality of life and acceptance of illness in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Prz Menopauzalny. 2017; 16(3): 79–85.
  13. Juczyński Z. Narzędzia pomiaru w promocji i psychologii zdrowia. Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych Polskiego Towarzystwa Psychologicznego. Warszawa. ; 2001: 162–166.
  14. Lewko J, Politynska B, Kochanowicz J, et al. Quality of life and its relationship to the degree of illness acceptance in patients with diabetes and peripheral diabetic neuropathy. Adv Med Sci. 2007; 52(Suppl 1): 144–146.