open access

Vol 79, No 5 (2021)
Review paper
Get Citation

Non-cardiovascular comorbidities in heart failure patients and their impact on prognosis

Michele Correale, Stefania Paolillo, Valentina Mercurio, Gaetano Ruocco, Carlo G Tocchetti, Alberto Palazzuoli
DOI: 10.33963/KP.15934
·
Pubmed: 34125921
·
Kardiol Pol 2021;79(5):493-502.

open access

Vol 79, No 5 (2021)
Review article

Abstract

With the aging of the population and improvement of life expectancy of patients with heart disease, there is an increase in non-cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities affecting chronic heart failure (HF) patients. The increased prevalence of different CV and non-CV comorbidities is a rising problem in the management of patients with HF, mostly because these comorbidities may lead to poor prognosis, increase of hospitalizations and mortality rate. Recently, important data from multicenter randomized studies point to diabetes mellitus or iron deficiency as new pharmacological targets, and this highlights the need of broad expertise for the 21st-century cardiologist. The management of HF should take into account non-CV comorbidities. In this review, we discuss novel aspects of non-CV comorbidities in HF patients and emphasize the impact on prognosis.

Abstract

With the aging of the population and improvement of life expectancy of patients with heart disease, there is an increase in non-cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities affecting chronic heart failure (HF) patients. The increased prevalence of different CV and non-CV comorbidities is a rising problem in the management of patients with HF, mostly because these comorbidities may lead to poor prognosis, increase of hospitalizations and mortality rate. Recently, important data from multicenter randomized studies point to diabetes mellitus or iron deficiency as new pharmacological targets, and this highlights the need of broad expertise for the 21st-century cardiologist. The management of HF should take into account non-CV comorbidities. In this review, we discuss novel aspects of non-CV comorbidities in HF patients and emphasize the impact on prognosis.

Get Citation

Keywords

heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardio-oncology, chronic kidney disease, diabetes

About this article
Title

Non-cardiovascular comorbidities in heart failure patients and their impact on prognosis

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 79, No 5 (2021)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

493-502

DOI

10.33963/KP.15934

Pubmed

34125921

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2021;79(5):493-502.

Keywords

heart failure
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
cardio-oncology
chronic kidney disease
diabetes

Authors

Michele Correale
Stefania Paolillo
Valentina Mercurio
Gaetano Ruocco
Carlo G Tocchetti
Alberto Palazzuoli

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