open access

Vol 72, No 2 (2021)
Short communication
Published online: 2021-06-28
Submitted: 2021-05-02
Accepted: 2021-05-31
Get Citation

Seafarers’ mental health in the COVID-19 era: lost at sea?

David Lucas123, Camille Jego4, Olaf Chresten Jensen5, Brice Loddé123, Richard Pougnet236, Jean-Dominique Dewitte236, Thierry Sauvage37, Dominique Jegaden3
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2021.0023
·
Pubmed: 34212354
·
International Maritime Health 2021;72(2):138-141.
Affiliations
  1. ORPHY Laboratory, University Brest, Brest, France
  2. Occupational and Environmental Diseases Centre, Teaching Hospital, Brest, France
  3. French Society for Maritime Medicine, Brest, France
  4. Psychology Unit for Seamen, Psychiatry Service Hospital, St. Nazaire, France
  5. Centre of Maritime Health and Society, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark
  6. Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Sociologie (EA 3149), Université de Brest – Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France
  7. Seamen’s Health Service, Ministry of Transport, Paris-La Defense, France

open access

Vol 72, No 2 (2021)
MARITIME PSYCHOLOGY Short communication
Published online: 2021-06-28
Submitted: 2021-05-02
Accepted: 2021-05-31

Abstract

Seafarers are exposed to several physical and psychosocial stressors. Recent studies highlighted specific disorders as fatigue, boredom and diseases as depression. Seafarers are also commonly exposed to post-traumatic stress disorder (piracy, accidents, threats). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) impacts seafarers with an estimated 400,000 of whom are stranded on vessels around the world, with extended time on board, repatriation’s difficulties and the financial concerns of the unexpectedly unemployed. International Maritime Organization has established the Seafarer Crisis Action Team to help them. In France, in last 10 months a dedicated call centre received 142 calls from 32 seafarers for psychological phone consultations mostly linked to this era. With the increase of duration of the COVID-19 crisis, psychological health care, repatriations and financial solutions are needed for seafarers.

Abstract

Seafarers are exposed to several physical and psychosocial stressors. Recent studies highlighted specific disorders as fatigue, boredom and diseases as depression. Seafarers are also commonly exposed to post-traumatic stress disorder (piracy, accidents, threats). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) impacts seafarers with an estimated 400,000 of whom are stranded on vessels around the world, with extended time on board, repatriation’s difficulties and the financial concerns of the unexpectedly unemployed. International Maritime Organization has established the Seafarer Crisis Action Team to help them. In France, in last 10 months a dedicated call centre received 142 calls from 32 seafarers for psychological phone consultations mostly linked to this era. With the increase of duration of the COVID-19 crisis, psychological health care, repatriations and financial solutions are needed for seafarers.

Get Citation

Keywords

maritime medicine, psychological impact, seafarers, COVID-19

About this article
Title

Seafarers’ mental health in the COVID-19 era: lost at sea?

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 72, No 2 (2021)

Article type

Short communication

Pages

138-141

Published online

2021-06-28

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2021.0023

Pubmed

34212354

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2021;72(2):138-141.

Keywords

maritime medicine
psychological impact
seafarers
COVID-19

Authors

David Lucas
Camille Jego
Olaf Chresten Jensen
Brice Loddé
Richard Pougnet
Jean-Dominique Dewitte
Thierry Sauvage
Dominique Jegaden

References (25)
  1. Oldenburg M, Jensen HJ, Lucas D, et al. Stress and strain among seafarers related to the occupational groups. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019; 16(7): E1153.
  2. Oldenburg M, Jensen HJ, Latza U, et al. Seafaring stressors aboard merchant and passenger ships. Int J Public Health. 2009; 54(2): 96–105.
  3. Allen P, Wadsworth E, Smith A. Seafarers' fatigue: a review of the recent literature. Int Marit Health. 2008; 59(1-4): 81–92.
  4. Jeżewska M, Leszczyńska I, Jaremin B. Work-related stress at sea self estimation by maritime students and officers. Int Marit Health. 2006; 57(1-4): 66–75.
  5. Lodde B, Jegaden D, Lucas D, et al. Stress in seamen and non seamen employed by the same company. Int Marit Health. 2008; 59(1-4): 53–60.
  6. Hill AB, Perkins RE. Towards a model of boredom. Br J Psychol. 1985; 76 ( Pt 2): 235–240.
  7. Casner SM, Schooler JW. Thoughts in flight: automation use and pilots' task-related and task-unrelated thought. Hum Factors. 2014; 56(3): 433–442.
  8. Cummings ML, Gao F, Thornburg KM. Boredom in the workplace: a new look at an old problem. Hum Factors. 2016; 58(2): 279–300.
  9. Fisherl C. Boredom at work: a neglected concept. Human Relations. 2016; 46(3): 395–417.
  10. Kass S, Vodanovich S, Callender A. State-trait boredom: relationship to absenteeism, tenure and job satisfaction. J Business Psychology. 2001; 16(2): 317–327.
  11. Todman M. The dimensions of state boredom frequency, duration, unpleasantness consequences and causal attributions. Edu Res Int. 2013; 1(1): 32–40.
  12. Vodanovich SJ, Wallace JC, Kass SJ. A confirmatory approach to the factor structure of the Boredom Proneness Scale: evidence for a two-factor short form. J Pers Assess. 2005; 85(3): 295–303.
  13. Jegaden D, Menaheze M, Lucas D, et al. Don't forget about seafarer's boredom. Int Marit Health. 2019; 70(2): 82–87.
  14. Oldenburg M, Jensen HJ. Needs and possibilities for ship's crews at high seas to communicate with their home. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2019; 32(6): 805–815.
  15. An Ji, Liu Y, Sun Y, et al. Impact of work-family conflict, job stress and job satisfaction on seafarer performance. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020; 17(7).
  16. Siegrist J. Adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions. J Occ Health Psychology. 1996; 1(1): 27–41.
  17. Mikulas W, Vodanovich J. The essence of boredom. Psychological Record. 1993; 43: 3–12.
  18. Saunders K, Rogovin T, Eckhoff M. The effects of boredom and depression on substance use and problematic internet use. J Addict Res Ther. 2012; 3: 4.
  19. van Hooff MLM, van Hooft EAJ. Boredom at work: proximal and distal consequences of affective work-related boredom. J Occup Health Psychol. 2014; 19(3): 348–359.
  20. Iversen RTB. The mental health of seafarers. Int Marit Health. 2012; 63(2): 78–89.
  21. Jensen HJ, Oldenburg M. Potentially traumatic experiences of seafarers. J Occup Med Toxicol. 2019; 14: 17.
  22. https://www.imo.org/en/MediaCentre/HotTopics/Pages/Support-for-seafarers-during-COVID-19.aspx.
  23. Pesel G, Canals ML, Sandrin M, et al. Wellbeing of a selection of seafarers in Eastern Adriatic Sea during the COVID-19 pandemic 2020. Int Marit Health. 2020; 71(3): 184–190.
  24. https://www.seafarerswelfare.org/news/2020/world-mental-health-day-mental-health-for-all-seafarers.
  25. http://www.oecd.org/greengrowth/greening-transport/41763672.pdf.

Regulations

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl