open access

Vol 72, No 4 (2021)
Original article
Submitted: 2020-11-05
Accepted: 2021-11-05
Published online: 2021-12-30
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A descriptive epidemiological study of cardiovascular diseases among seafarers

Getu Gamo Sagaro1, Gopi Battineni1, Marzio Di Canio12, Andrea Minciacchi2, Giulio Nittari1, Francesco Amenta12
·
Pubmed: 35146743
·
IMH 2021;72(4):252-258.
Affiliations
  1. Telemedicine and Telepharmacy Centre, School of Medicinal and Health Products Sciences, University of Camerino, Italy
  2. Research Department, International Radio Medical Centre (C.I.R.M.), Rome, Italy

open access

Vol 72, No 4 (2021)
OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Submitted: 2020-11-05
Accepted: 2021-11-05
Published online: 2021-12-30

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among seafarers. This study aimed to evaluate CVDs distribution and differences, considering seafarers’ rank and worksite groups.
Materials and methods: A descriptive epidemiological study was employed, and the analysis was based on the telemedical assistance data of the International Radio Medical Centre (C.I.R.M.) from 2010 to 2018. The age, gender, rank, and worksite variables were considered for the analysis. Chi-square or Fisher test was used to assess differences in CVD distribution between rank and worksite groups.
Results: Cardiovascular diseases were the sixth leading cause of medical advice requests to C.I.R.M. Distribution of CVD significantly differed between officers and non-officers [x2 (5) = 17.308, p = 0.004]. Officers were often diagnosed with hypertensive CVD (46%), whereas non-officers were frequently diagnosed with ischaemic heart diseases (41%). There were no significant differences in the distribution of CVD diagnoses between worksite groups [x2 (10) = 12.863, p = 0.231].
Conclusions: The frequency of CVD is higher among non-officers and older seafarers who have been more often diagnosed with CVD. Specific interventions such as early diagnosis, regular monitoring, and physical training to reduce cardiovascular risk should be considered on board ships. Future studies should take into account the incidence rate of CVD between rank and worksite groups.

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among seafarers. This study aimed to evaluate CVDs distribution and differences, considering seafarers’ rank and worksite groups.
Materials and methods: A descriptive epidemiological study was employed, and the analysis was based on the telemedical assistance data of the International Radio Medical Centre (C.I.R.M.) from 2010 to 2018. The age, gender, rank, and worksite variables were considered for the analysis. Chi-square or Fisher test was used to assess differences in CVD distribution between rank and worksite groups.
Results: Cardiovascular diseases were the sixth leading cause of medical advice requests to C.I.R.M. Distribution of CVD significantly differed between officers and non-officers [x2 (5) = 17.308, p = 0.004]. Officers were often diagnosed with hypertensive CVD (46%), whereas non-officers were frequently diagnosed with ischaemic heart diseases (41%). There were no significant differences in the distribution of CVD diagnoses between worksite groups [x2 (10) = 12.863, p = 0.231].
Conclusions: The frequency of CVD is higher among non-officers and older seafarers who have been more often diagnosed with CVD. Specific interventions such as early diagnosis, regular monitoring, and physical training to reduce cardiovascular risk should be considered on board ships. Future studies should take into account the incidence rate of CVD between rank and worksite groups.

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Keywords

cardiovascular diseases, epidemiology, seafarers, hypertensive disease, ischaemic heart disease

About this article
Title

A descriptive epidemiological study of cardiovascular diseases among seafarers

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 72, No 4 (2021)

Article type

Original article

Pages

252-258

Published online

2021-12-30

Page views

6547

Article views/downloads

857

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2021.0049

Pubmed

35146743

Bibliographic record

IMH 2021;72(4):252-258.

Keywords

cardiovascular diseases
epidemiology
seafarers
hypertensive disease
ischaemic heart disease

Authors

Getu Gamo Sagaro
Gopi Battineni
Marzio Di Canio
Andrea Minciacchi
Giulio Nittari
Francesco Amenta

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