open access

Vol 72, No 4 (2021)
Original article
Submitted: 2020-03-22
Accepted: 2021-11-22
Published online: 2021-12-30
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Effects of an on-board psychosocial programme on stress, resilience, and job satisfaction amongst a sample of merchant seafarers

Joanne McVeigh12, Malcolm MacLachlan1234, Henriette Cox5, Imogen R. Stilz6, Alistair Fraser6, Marie Galligan7, Shane Ó Meachair8
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2021.0051
·
Pubmed: 35146741
·
IMH 2021;72(4):268-282.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Psychology, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland
  2. Assisting Living & Learning (ALL) Institute, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland
  3. Olomouc University Social Health Institute (OUSHI), Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic
  4. Health Service Executive, Ireland
  5. Shell International Trading and Shipping Company Limited, London, United Kingdom
  6. Shell Health, London, United Kingdom
  7. School of Medicine, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
  8. Accenture, Dublin, Ireland

open access

Vol 72, No 4 (2021)
MARITIME PSYCHOLOGY Original article
Submitted: 2020-03-22
Accepted: 2021-11-22
Published online: 2021-12-30

Abstract

Background: Seafarers are an occupational group amongst those at highest risk for stress, which may adversely affect their mental health. The primary aim of this study was to assess the effects of a psychosocial programme on perceived stress, resilience, and job satisfaction among a sample of merchant seafarers.
Materials and methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted using a work questionnaire administered by a large shipping company. The matched subjects technique and multivariate analysis of covariance were conducted using a theoretical model of the programme’s effects on job satisfaction, resilience, and perceived stress.
Results: A significant interaction between programme participation and weeks on board indicated that the effects of weeks on board on perceived stress differed significantly for the intervention group and matched control group. Weeks on board had a significant effect for perceived stress for the control group (p = 0.02), but not for the intervention group (p = 0.857).
Conclusions: These findings indicate that participation in the programme moderated the effects of weeks on board on perceived stress, suggesting that the programme may have safeguarded participants against the effects of weeks on board on perceived stress. Importantly, however, a work environment that is experienced as supportive, inclusive and just is necessary as a cornerstone for individually-focused psychosocial interventions to be optimally applied.

Abstract

Background: Seafarers are an occupational group amongst those at highest risk for stress, which may adversely affect their mental health. The primary aim of this study was to assess the effects of a psychosocial programme on perceived stress, resilience, and job satisfaction among a sample of merchant seafarers.
Materials and methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted using a work questionnaire administered by a large shipping company. The matched subjects technique and multivariate analysis of covariance were conducted using a theoretical model of the programme’s effects on job satisfaction, resilience, and perceived stress.
Results: A significant interaction between programme participation and weeks on board indicated that the effects of weeks on board on perceived stress differed significantly for the intervention group and matched control group. Weeks on board had a significant effect for perceived stress for the control group (p = 0.02), but not for the intervention group (p = 0.857).
Conclusions: These findings indicate that participation in the programme moderated the effects of weeks on board on perceived stress, suggesting that the programme may have safeguarded participants against the effects of weeks on board on perceived stress. Importantly, however, a work environment that is experienced as supportive, inclusive and just is necessary as a cornerstone for individually-focused psychosocial interventions to be optimally applied.

Get Citation

Keywords

merchant seafarers, psychosocial intervention, duration on board, stress, resilience, job satisfaction, MANCOVA

About this article
Title

Effects of an on-board psychosocial programme on stress, resilience, and job satisfaction amongst a sample of merchant seafarers

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 72, No 4 (2021)

Article type

Original article

Pages

268-282

Published online

2021-12-30

Page views

4318

Article views/downloads

486

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2021.0051

Pubmed

35146741

Bibliographic record

IMH 2021;72(4):268-282.

Keywords

merchant seafarers
psychosocial intervention
duration on board
stress
resilience
job satisfaction
MANCOVA

Authors

Joanne McVeigh
Malcolm MacLachlan
Henriette Cox
Imogen R. Stilz
Alistair Fraser
Marie Galligan
Shane Ó Meachair

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