open access

Vol 69, No 4 (2018)
Review article
Submitted: 2018-09-17
Accepted: 2018-10-23
Published online: 2018-12-20
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Personality profiles of divers: integrating results across studies

Charles H. Van Wijk1
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2018.0046
·
Pubmed: 30589070
·
International Maritime Health 2018;69(4):297-303.
Affiliations
  1. Stellenbosch University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Cape Town, South Africa

open access

Vol 69, No 4 (2018)
MARITIME PSYCHOLOGY Review article
Submitted: 2018-09-17
Accepted: 2018-10-23
Published online: 2018-12-20

Abstract

Background: There are numerous reports on diver personality, spanning across five decades, across national boundaries, and using a range of measures to describe diver profiles. However, the range of reports poses challenges to interpreting new studies, particularly when having to compare findings across generations, measurements, and national/cultural contexts. This paper aimed to review and integrate diver personality descriptions, drawing on the available studies that reported trait theory based data for naval and sport divers. Materials and methods: Available studies on diver personality — associated with trait theory — were tabulated and the specific traits associated with divers described. Their findings were then integrated into a synthesised description of personality traits. Results: The results suggest remarkably stable military diver profiles across generations, measures, and navies, with some unique differences observed due to national-cultural variables. It was of particular interest that different measures of personality appeared to present related constructions of diver profiles. Navy divers share, among others, a propensity for adventurousness, a strong sense of self-agency, and low trait anxiety. Unsurprisingly, personality profiling could not be generalised across military-civilian diving contexts, and the same clear profile differentiation of navy divers was not visible among sport divers. Conclusions: Contemporary local data — in the context of military diving — could productively be compared to the body of existing reports, at least where similar theoretical models are used.

Abstract

Background: There are numerous reports on diver personality, spanning across five decades, across national boundaries, and using a range of measures to describe diver profiles. However, the range of reports poses challenges to interpreting new studies, particularly when having to compare findings across generations, measurements, and national/cultural contexts. This paper aimed to review and integrate diver personality descriptions, drawing on the available studies that reported trait theory based data for naval and sport divers. Materials and methods: Available studies on diver personality — associated with trait theory — were tabulated and the specific traits associated with divers described. Their findings were then integrated into a synthesised description of personality traits. Results: The results suggest remarkably stable military diver profiles across generations, measures, and navies, with some unique differences observed due to national-cultural variables. It was of particular interest that different measures of personality appeared to present related constructions of diver profiles. Navy divers share, among others, a propensity for adventurousness, a strong sense of self-agency, and low trait anxiety. Unsurprisingly, personality profiling could not be generalised across military-civilian diving contexts, and the same clear profile differentiation of navy divers was not visible among sport divers. Conclusions: Contemporary local data — in the context of military diving — could productively be compared to the body of existing reports, at least where similar theoretical models are used.

Get Citation

Keywords

personality measurement; profiling; navy divers; sport divers

About this article
Title

Personality profiles of divers: integrating results across studies

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 69, No 4 (2018)

Article type

Review article

Pages

297-303

Published online

2018-12-20

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2018.0046

Pubmed

30589070

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2018;69(4):297-303.

Keywords

personality measurement
profiling
navy divers
sport divers

Authors

Charles H. Van Wijk

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