open access

Vol 69, No 3 (2018)
Original article
Submitted: 2018-07-23
Accepted: 2018-08-28
Published online: 2018-09-27
Get Citation

Sun-protective practices in Iranian seafarers and its psychological predictors

Esmat Heydari1, Tahereh Dehdari1
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2018.0032
·
Pubmed: 34428881
·
International Maritime Health 2018;69(3):201-206.
Affiliations
  1. Iran University of Medical Sciences, Shahid hemmat highway, Iran University of Medical Sciences, school of public health, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic Of

open access

Vol 69, No 3 (2018)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Submitted: 2018-07-23
Accepted: 2018-08-28
Published online: 2018-09-27

Abstract

Background: Given the long exposure of seafarers to sunlight and the necessity of recognising determinants of sun-protective practices along with developing educational efforts for the prevention of skin cancer, this study was designed to determine the psychological predictors of sun-protective practices among Iranian seafarers based on protection motivation theory (PMT) variables.

Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 300 seafarers who worked on Ports and Maritime Organisation of Bushehr Port, Iran were selected. PMT and demographic variables were assessed through a 63-item questionnaire. Multiple linear regression (forward method) was used to determine the predictors of adopting sun-protective practices based on PMT variables.

Results: About 11.7% of the participants always wore a hat with a wide brim of more than 7.5 cm width, 20% wore sunglasses while outside under the sun and 12.7% gloves. Only 13.7% regularly had their skin checked by a doctor. Behavioural intention, perceived severity, response efficacy and response costs explained 41% of the variance of adopting sun-protective practices among the seafarers (R2 = 0.41, F = 11.89, p < 0.001).

Conclusions: The finding explores factors affecting sun protective behaviours among Iranian seafarers. Seafarers with a high level of perceived severity, more response efficacy, more intention for performing behaviour, and fewer response costs were most likely to be regularly engaged in sun protective behaviours.

Abstract

Background: Given the long exposure of seafarers to sunlight and the necessity of recognising determinants of sun-protective practices along with developing educational efforts for the prevention of skin cancer, this study was designed to determine the psychological predictors of sun-protective practices among Iranian seafarers based on protection motivation theory (PMT) variables.

Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 300 seafarers who worked on Ports and Maritime Organisation of Bushehr Port, Iran were selected. PMT and demographic variables were assessed through a 63-item questionnaire. Multiple linear regression (forward method) was used to determine the predictors of adopting sun-protective practices based on PMT variables.

Results: About 11.7% of the participants always wore a hat with a wide brim of more than 7.5 cm width, 20% wore sunglasses while outside under the sun and 12.7% gloves. Only 13.7% regularly had their skin checked by a doctor. Behavioural intention, perceived severity, response efficacy and response costs explained 41% of the variance of adopting sun-protective practices among the seafarers (R2 = 0.41, F = 11.89, p < 0.001).

Conclusions: The finding explores factors affecting sun protective behaviours among Iranian seafarers. Seafarers with a high level of perceived severity, more response efficacy, more intention for performing behaviour, and fewer response costs were most likely to be regularly engaged in sun protective behaviours.

Get Citation

Keywords

Seafarer; protection motivation theory; skin cancer; sun-protective practices; Iran

About this article
Title

Sun-protective practices in Iranian seafarers and its psychological predictors

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 69, No 3 (2018)

Article type

Original article

Pages

201-206

Published online

2018-09-27

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2018.0032

Pubmed

34428881

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2018;69(3):201-206.

Keywords

Seafarer
protection motivation theory
skin cancer
sun-protective practices
Iran

Authors

Esmat Heydari
Tahereh Dehdari

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