open access

Vol 68, No 2 (2017)
Original article
Submitted: 2017-02-15
Accepted: 2017-03-20
Published online: 2017-06-27
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Self-reported exercise behaviour and perception of its importance to recreational divers

Christopher R. Kovacs1, Peter Buzzacott23
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2017.0021
·
Pubmed: 28660615
·
International Maritime Health 2017;68(2):115-121.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Kinesiology, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, United States, United States
  2. Divers Alert Network, Durham, NC, United States, United States
  3. School of Sports Science, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, Australia

open access

Vol 68, No 2 (2017)
HYPERBARIC/UNDERWATER MEDICINE Original papers
Submitted: 2017-02-15
Accepted: 2017-03-20
Published online: 2017-06-27

Abstract

Background: This study examined self-reported physical activity and perceptions of exercise importance among certified divers in two distinct age groups.

Materials and methods: Questionnaires were distributed by hand at dive sites in three states of the United States, half to students from an academic programme in scuba diving at a regional university. The survey included questions about health status, dive history, certification levels, structured exercise activity levels and perceived importance of regular exercise to their health, diving ability, and safety. Also included was the Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire, a validated physical activity classification instrument for use among adults.

Results: Non-students were older than the students and had greater diving experience. There was no detectable difference between groups in perceived exercise importance to health (p = 0.69), diving ability (p = 0.75), or diving safety (p = 0.25). Fitting age, sex, occupation and number of dives to a generalised linear model to predict Godin-Shephard scores, number of dives was removed first (p = 0.43), followed by student status (p = 0.33). Remaining predictors of Godin-Shephard exercise scores were age (–0.004 per year, p < 0.0001) and sex (males = + 0.11, 95% CI 0.04–0.17, p = 0.0012). Both groups reported similar structured exercise regularity, overall health and perceived importance of regular exercise for health, diving and safety.

Conclusions: Despite acknowledging the importance of exercise, Godin-Shephard scores for physical activity decrease with age.

Abstract

Background: This study examined self-reported physical activity and perceptions of exercise importance among certified divers in two distinct age groups.

Materials and methods: Questionnaires were distributed by hand at dive sites in three states of the United States, half to students from an academic programme in scuba diving at a regional university. The survey included questions about health status, dive history, certification levels, structured exercise activity levels and perceived importance of regular exercise to their health, diving ability, and safety. Also included was the Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire, a validated physical activity classification instrument for use among adults.

Results: Non-students were older than the students and had greater diving experience. There was no detectable difference between groups in perceived exercise importance to health (p = 0.69), diving ability (p = 0.75), or diving safety (p = 0.25). Fitting age, sex, occupation and number of dives to a generalised linear model to predict Godin-Shephard scores, number of dives was removed first (p = 0.43), followed by student status (p = 0.33). Remaining predictors of Godin-Shephard exercise scores were age (–0.004 per year, p < 0.0001) and sex (males = + 0.11, 95% CI 0.04–0.17, p = 0.0012). Both groups reported similar structured exercise regularity, overall health and perceived importance of regular exercise for health, diving and safety.

Conclusions: Despite acknowledging the importance of exercise, Godin-Shephard scores for physical activity decrease with age.

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Keywords

Godin-Shephard, students, SCUBA, diving

About this article
Title

Self-reported exercise behaviour and perception of its importance to recreational divers

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 68, No 2 (2017)

Article type

Original article

Pages

115-121

Published online

2017-06-27

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2017.0021

Pubmed

28660615

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2017;68(2):115-121.

Keywords

Godin-Shephard
students
SCUBA
diving

Authors

Christopher R. Kovacs
Peter Buzzacott

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