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Vol 68, No 1 (2017)
Original article
Published online: 2017-03-30

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The assessment of seafarers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices related to STI/HIV/AIDS in northern Morocco

Salwa Laraqui, Omar Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Tarik Ghailan, Mohamed Belabsir, Frederic Deschamps, Chakib H. Laraqui
Pubmed: 28357833
IMH 2017;68(1):26-30.

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of seafarers in relation to sexually transmitted infections (STI) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Materials and methods: This transversal, descriptive and behavioural study was conducted in 2014 on a representative sample of 1447 seafarers.

Results: The rate of participation was 95%. The mean age was 36.1 ± 8.2 years. Knowledge about transmission and prevention mode was satisfactory on HIV/AIDS; however, some misconceptions still persist. The level of stigmatisation and discrimination towards people living with the virus was considered high. The prevalence of sexual high-risk behaviour was significant: 32% had at least two sexual partners and 26.3% have had sex with sex workers, 60% of them were not protected; 42.8% have never used the condom and only 15.1% used it systematically. The sailors who had sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol or drugs are less protected. As too HIV testing, only 10.2% did it.

Conclusions: This study showed a gap in knowledge about transmission and prevention of HIV infection/AIDS and sexual risk behaviour. Increasing awareness and information among seafarers is of prime importance.  

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