open access

Vol 68, No 1 (2017)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2017-03-30
Submitted: 2016-11-12
Accepted: 2017-03-10
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Analysis of occupational injuries in the sea fishing industry according to the type of fishery and the fishing activity

Christine Chauvin, Gilbert Le Bouar, Salim Lardjane
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2017.0006
·
Pubmed: 28357834
·
International Maritime Health 2017;68(1):31-38.

open access

Vol 68, No 1 (2017)
MARITIME/OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2017-03-30
Submitted: 2016-11-12
Accepted: 2017-03-10

Abstract

Background: Sea fishing is one of the most dangerous occupations. Numerous studies have already sought to evaluate the risk level of this occupation through the analysis of the frequency and seriousness of occupational injuries. The purpose of the present study is to analyse these accidents in terms of two main characteristics of the vessels involved: the fishery type (high seas, offshore, coastal, or inshore fishery) and the fishing activity (use of passive or active gears).

Materials and methods: Injury rates were calculated for the Brittany region and for the year 2012. A second analysis was carried out on 8,286 reported injuries that occurred in France from 2002 to 2012, while vessels were in the process of fishing.

Results: This first analysis shows that the incidence rate is very high (103 per 1,000 full-time equivalent fishermen) and that it depends more on the fishery type than on the fishing activity; the highest rates concern the offshore and the coastal fleets. Results of the second analysis show that the nature of accidents depends more on the fishing activity than on the type of fishery.

Conclusions: These findings lead to a discussion of the causes of the highest incidence rate values and the causes of the observed variations. The discussion also involves the methodological difficulties related to the incidence rate calculations.  

Abstract

Background: Sea fishing is one of the most dangerous occupations. Numerous studies have already sought to evaluate the risk level of this occupation through the analysis of the frequency and seriousness of occupational injuries. The purpose of the present study is to analyse these accidents in terms of two main characteristics of the vessels involved: the fishery type (high seas, offshore, coastal, or inshore fishery) and the fishing activity (use of passive or active gears).

Materials and methods: Injury rates were calculated for the Brittany region and for the year 2012. A second analysis was carried out on 8,286 reported injuries that occurred in France from 2002 to 2012, while vessels were in the process of fishing.

Results: This first analysis shows that the incidence rate is very high (103 per 1,000 full-time equivalent fishermen) and that it depends more on the fishery type than on the fishing activity; the highest rates concern the offshore and the coastal fleets. Results of the second analysis show that the nature of accidents depends more on the fishing activity than on the type of fishery.

Conclusions: These findings lead to a discussion of the causes of the highest incidence rate values and the causes of the observed variations. The discussion also involves the methodological difficulties related to the incidence rate calculations.  

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Keywords

fishing fleet, fishery, occupational injuries, incidence rates

About this article
Title

Analysis of occupational injuries in the sea fishing industry according to the type of fishery and the fishing activity

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 68, No 1 (2017)

Pages

31-38

Published online

2017-03-30

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2017.0006

Pubmed

28357834

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2017;68(1):31-38.

Keywords

fishing fleet
fishery
occupational injuries
incidence rates

Authors

Christine Chauvin
Gilbert Le Bouar
Salim Lardjane

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