open access

Vol 67, No 1 (2016)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2016-03-30
Submitted: 2016-03-22
Accepted: 2016-03-22
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Dental hygiene habits and oral health status of seafarers

Syed Sarosh Mahdi, Fabio Sibilio, Francesco Amenta
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2016.0003
·
Pubmed: 27029923
·
International Maritime Health 2016;67(1):9-13.

open access

Vol 67, No 1 (2016)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original articles
Published online: 2016-03-30
Submitted: 2016-03-22
Accepted: 2016-03-22

Abstract

Background: This study has assessed the dental hygiene habits and problems of seafarers and their attitudes/ perceptions regarding oral hygiene using a dental hygiene/habits questionnaire.

Materials and methods: A research questionnaire on oral hygiene habits was prepared along with a summary of all the questions and sent to ships via e-mail by Centro Internazionale Radio Medico (CIRM) networks. CIRM, is the Italian Telemedical Maritime Assistance Service (TMAS), and represents the Centre with the largest number of seafarers assisted on board ships worldwide. CIRM proposed the questionnaire to all ships (n = 1,198) asking for medical advice from 1 July 2014 till 31 October 2014. Two dental professionals were involved in the development and analysis of the questionnaire.

Results: Seafarers are at risk of several dental health problems due to their oral hygiene and dietary habits, smoking and alcohol consumption, poor oral hygiene knowledge and motivation. Dietary habits during voyages were also questionable and seafarers consume food rich in fermentable carbohydrates, which is a major risk factor for dental caries.

Conclusions: Seafarers need better oral hygiene education and care to enable them to manage their oral health in a better way. Life at the sea, under challenging circumstances is not without stress, that is why it is important that seafarers are given complete information about correct oral hygiene protocols and dental hygiene and the advantages for their health of keeping a healthy mouth.  

Abstract

Background: This study has assessed the dental hygiene habits and problems of seafarers and their attitudes/ perceptions regarding oral hygiene using a dental hygiene/habits questionnaire.

Materials and methods: A research questionnaire on oral hygiene habits was prepared along with a summary of all the questions and sent to ships via e-mail by Centro Internazionale Radio Medico (CIRM) networks. CIRM, is the Italian Telemedical Maritime Assistance Service (TMAS), and represents the Centre with the largest number of seafarers assisted on board ships worldwide. CIRM proposed the questionnaire to all ships (n = 1,198) asking for medical advice from 1 July 2014 till 31 October 2014. Two dental professionals were involved in the development and analysis of the questionnaire.

Results: Seafarers are at risk of several dental health problems due to their oral hygiene and dietary habits, smoking and alcohol consumption, poor oral hygiene knowledge and motivation. Dietary habits during voyages were also questionable and seafarers consume food rich in fermentable carbohydrates, which is a major risk factor for dental caries.

Conclusions: Seafarers need better oral hygiene education and care to enable them to manage their oral health in a better way. Life at the sea, under challenging circumstances is not without stress, that is why it is important that seafarers are given complete information about correct oral hygiene protocols and dental hygiene and the advantages for their health of keeping a healthy mouth.  

Get Citation

Keywords

seafarers, dental hygiene, questionnaire, oral health, prevent

About this article
Title

Dental hygiene habits and oral health status of seafarers

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 67, No 1 (2016)

Pages

9-13

Published online

2016-03-30

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2016.0003

Pubmed

27029923

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2016;67(1):9-13.

Keywords

seafarers
dental hygiene
questionnaire
oral health
prevent

Authors

Syed Sarosh Mahdi
Fabio Sibilio
Francesco Amenta

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