open access

Vol 67, No 1 (2016)
Original article
Submitted: 2016-03-22
Accepted: 2016-03-22
Published online: 2016-03-30
Get Citation

Improving cardiovascular health in Spanish seafarers

Maria del Carmen Romero-Paredes, Luis Reinoso-Barbero, Maria Fernanda González-Gómez, Fernando Bandrés-Moya
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2016.0002
·
Pubmed: 27029922
·
International Maritime Health 2016;67(1):3-8.

open access

Vol 67, No 1 (2016)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original article
Submitted: 2016-03-22
Accepted: 2016-03-22
Published online: 2016-03-30

Abstract

Background and aim: There is a high prevalence in the Spanish general population of some cardiovascular risk factors like overweight, obesity and hypercholesterolaemia. But there is lack of research on Spanish seafarers. On the other hand, there is strong evidence of the cardiovascular risk predictive value of some biomarkers. The purpose of this work was to study the convenience of the introduction of detailed diet questionnaires and the measurement of some biomarkers in the pre-embarkation medical examination.

Materials and methods: Seafarers undergoing medical checkup during 2011 in Madrid, Spain (n = 334). Overweight and obese subjects received general advice on healthy diet and physical activity. Seventy-four of them were followed up in 2012 and 2013. Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), thyrotropin (TSH) and microalbuminuria were measured in two selected groups of patients in 2011.

Results: Overweight and obesity were present in 207 (62%) individuals of the studied population. Those followed up in 2012 and 2013 showed a reduction of body mass index, waist circumference and total cholesterol values. We observed risk value of HbA1c in 60 (35.5%) individuals with significant association to other cardiovascular risk factors. Microalbuminuria appeared in subjects with high blood pressure. High TSH and hs-CRP were not significantly present in our population.

Conclusions: 1. Measurement of HbA1c during medical checkups improves early detection of cardiovascular risk in seafarers. 2. Individuals with overweight and obesity responded positively to medical advice and diminished their risk factors, thus it may be more effective to introduce detailed questionnaires on this issue.

Abstract

Background and aim: There is a high prevalence in the Spanish general population of some cardiovascular risk factors like overweight, obesity and hypercholesterolaemia. But there is lack of research on Spanish seafarers. On the other hand, there is strong evidence of the cardiovascular risk predictive value of some biomarkers. The purpose of this work was to study the convenience of the introduction of detailed diet questionnaires and the measurement of some biomarkers in the pre-embarkation medical examination.

Materials and methods: Seafarers undergoing medical checkup during 2011 in Madrid, Spain (n = 334). Overweight and obese subjects received general advice on healthy diet and physical activity. Seventy-four of them were followed up in 2012 and 2013. Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), thyrotropin (TSH) and microalbuminuria were measured in two selected groups of patients in 2011.

Results: Overweight and obesity were present in 207 (62%) individuals of the studied population. Those followed up in 2012 and 2013 showed a reduction of body mass index, waist circumference and total cholesterol values. We observed risk value of HbA1c in 60 (35.5%) individuals with significant association to other cardiovascular risk factors. Microalbuminuria appeared in subjects with high blood pressure. High TSH and hs-CRP were not significantly present in our population.

Conclusions: 1. Measurement of HbA1c during medical checkups improves early detection of cardiovascular risk in seafarers. 2. Individuals with overweight and obesity responded positively to medical advice and diminished their risk factors, thus it may be more effective to introduce detailed questionnaires on this issue.

Get Citation

Keywords

overweight, obesity, glycated haemoglobin, seafarers

About this article
Title

Improving cardiovascular health in Spanish seafarers

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 67, No 1 (2016)

Article type

Original article

Pages

3-8

Published online

2016-03-30

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2016.0002

Pubmed

27029922

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2016;67(1):3-8.

Keywords

overweight
obesity
glycated haemoglobin
seafarers

Authors

Maria del Carmen Romero-Paredes
Luis Reinoso-Barbero
Maria Fernanda González-Gómez
Fernando Bandrés-Moya

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