open access

Vol 65, No 3 (2014)
Original article
Submitted: 2014-09-26
Accepted: 2014-09-26
Published online: 2014-09-26
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Prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among 12–15-year-old schoolchildren of fishermen of Kutch coast, Gujarat, India

Sudhanshu Sanadhya, Manish Chadha, Mayank Kumar Chaturvedi, Monika Chaudhary, Sahul Lerra, Manoj Kumar Meena, Gaurav Bakutra, Sharad Acharya, Avni Pandey, Mridula Tak, Kailash Asawa, Shivalingesh Kamate
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2014.0023
·
International Maritime Health 2014;65(3):106-113.

open access

Vol 65, No 3 (2014)
MARITIME MEDICINE Original article
Submitted: 2014-09-26
Accepted: 2014-09-26
Published online: 2014-09-26

Abstract

Background: Malocclusion is one of the most common dental problems in mankind. Planning orthodontic treatment as well as an interceptive approach within a public health system requires information on the prevalence of malocclusions.

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among 12–15-year-old school children of fishermen of Kutch coast, Gujarat, India.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted among 947 school children offishermen of Kutch coast, Gujarat, India aged 12–15 years. The prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs was assessed using Dental Aesthetic Index. General information on demographic data was also recorded. A c2 test, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Sheffe’s test were employed for statistical analysis.

Results: Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need was reported among 33.4% of the participants. Younger age group and female gender had significantly greater treatment need. Males and older age groups had significantly lesser prevalence of anterior crowding and largest anterior maxillary irregularity.

Conclusions: Orthodontic treatment need among 33.4% calls for developing school based oral health promotion programmes for children with an inculcation of orthodontic treatment and educational programmes for parents (fishermen) addressing prevention and early interceptive treatment of malocclusion.

Abstract

Background: Malocclusion is one of the most common dental problems in mankind. Planning orthodontic treatment as well as an interceptive approach within a public health system requires information on the prevalence of malocclusions.

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among 12–15-year-old school children of fishermen of Kutch coast, Gujarat, India.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted among 947 school children offishermen of Kutch coast, Gujarat, India aged 12–15 years. The prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs was assessed using Dental Aesthetic Index. General information on demographic data was also recorded. A c2 test, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Sheffe’s test were employed for statistical analysis.

Results: Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need was reported among 33.4% of the participants. Younger age group and female gender had significantly greater treatment need. Males and older age groups had significantly lesser prevalence of anterior crowding and largest anterior maxillary irregularity.

Conclusions: Orthodontic treatment need among 33.4% calls for developing school based oral health promotion programmes for children with an inculcation of orthodontic treatment and educational programmes for parents (fishermen) addressing prevention and early interceptive treatment of malocclusion.

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Keywords

child, fishermen, India, malocclusion, prevalence

About this article
Title

Prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among 12–15-year-old schoolchildren of fishermen of Kutch coast, Gujarat, India

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 65, No 3 (2014)

Article type

Original article

Pages

106-113

Published online

2014-09-26

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2014.0023

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2014;65(3):106-113.

Keywords

child
fishermen
India
malocclusion
prevalence

Authors

Sudhanshu Sanadhya
Manish Chadha
Mayank Kumar Chaturvedi
Monika Chaudhary
Sahul Lerra
Manoj Kumar Meena
Gaurav Bakutra
Sharad Acharya
Avni Pandey
Mridula Tak
Kailash Asawa
Shivalingesh Kamate

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