open access

Vol 65, No 2 (2014)
MARITIME MEDICINE Review articles
Published online: 2014-06-30
Submitted: 2014-06-30
Accepted: 2014-06-30
Get Citation

Risk of cardiovascular diseases in seafarers

Marcus Oldenburg
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2014.0012
·
International Maritime Health 2014;65(2):53-57.

open access

Vol 65, No 2 (2014)
MARITIME MEDICINE Review articles
Published online: 2014-06-30
Submitted: 2014-06-30
Accepted: 2014-06-30

Abstract

Seafarers experience a lot of job-related risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Considering the healthy-worker effect due to the biennial pre-employment examination and the periodical medical fitness tests, a (slightly) elevated risk for CVD among seafarers is assumed compared to the reference population ashore. In seafaring, the most important, influenceable risk factors for CVD refer to the ship-specific stress situation, the malnutrition and the lack of exercises on board. Furthermore, the prognosis of acute severe CVD often depends on the measures taken in the first few hours after occurrence of the symptoms. Owing to the lack of health professionals on board and the limited treatment options of events at sea, effective cardio-pulmonary resuscitation is often delayed and the outcome of cardiac events is worse compared to that ashore.

Abstract

Seafarers experience a lot of job-related risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Considering the healthy-worker effect due to the biennial pre-employment examination and the periodical medical fitness tests, a (slightly) elevated risk for CVD among seafarers is assumed compared to the reference population ashore. In seafaring, the most important, influenceable risk factors for CVD refer to the ship-specific stress situation, the malnutrition and the lack of exercises on board. Furthermore, the prognosis of acute severe CVD often depends on the measures taken in the first few hours after occurrence of the symptoms. Owing to the lack of health professionals on board and the limited treatment options of events at sea, effective cardio-pulmonary resuscitation is often delayed and the outcome of cardiac events is worse compared to that ashore.
Get Citation

Keywords

cardiovascular risk, seafarers, shipboard stressors, nutrition on board

About this article
Title

Risk of cardiovascular diseases in seafarers

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 65, No 2 (2014)

Pages

53-57

Published online

2014-06-30

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2014.0012

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2014;65(2):53-57.

Keywords

cardiovascular risk
seafarers
shipboard stressors
nutrition on board

Authors

Marcus Oldenburg

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