open access

Vol 64, No 4 (2013)
Review article
Submitted: 2013-12-17
Accepted: 2013-12-17
Published online: 2013-12-17
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Overview and prospect: food and nutrition of seafarers on merchant ships

Marcus Oldenburg, Volker Harth, Hans-Joachim Jensen
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2013.0003
·
International Maritime Health 2013;64(4):191-194.

open access

Vol 64, No 4 (2013)
HYGIENIC/NUTRITION PROBLEMS ON SHIP Review article
Submitted: 2013-12-17
Accepted: 2013-12-17
Published online: 2013-12-17

Abstract

During stay on board, seafarers have limited influence on quality and quantity of food over several months. Furthermore, the nutrition on board is characterised by different dietary habits in the multi-ethnic crews, differential food supply in crew’s and officers’ mess room and irregular mealtimes due to the shifts on board. Internationally, nutritional situation on board is not standardised, but reflects the flag-state standard. Up to date, there is only little comprehensive research published concerning food patterns of seafarers; these studies often lack in objective examination methods to estimate the actual food intake and activity-related energy requirements. Therefore, to examine the food and nutrition of seafarers, shipping companies should be interviewed about food provisions on board, and seafarers about eating habits in consideration of possible socio-cultural and psychological backgrounds for malnutrition. These studies should also encompass seafarers’ health parameters related to nutrition on board (energy consumption, bioelectrical impedance analysis, ergospirometry and blood analysis). In total, further research directly on board is needed to know more about seafarers’ food and nutrition situation at sea.

Abstract

During stay on board, seafarers have limited influence on quality and quantity of food over several months. Furthermore, the nutrition on board is characterised by different dietary habits in the multi-ethnic crews, differential food supply in crew’s and officers’ mess room and irregular mealtimes due to the shifts on board. Internationally, nutritional situation on board is not standardised, but reflects the flag-state standard. Up to date, there is only little comprehensive research published concerning food patterns of seafarers; these studies often lack in objective examination methods to estimate the actual food intake and activity-related energy requirements. Therefore, to examine the food and nutrition of seafarers, shipping companies should be interviewed about food provisions on board, and seafarers about eating habits in consideration of possible socio-cultural and psychological backgrounds for malnutrition. These studies should also encompass seafarers’ health parameters related to nutrition on board (energy consumption, bioelectrical impedance analysis, ergospirometry and blood analysis). In total, further research directly on board is needed to know more about seafarers’ food and nutrition situation at sea.
Get Citation

Keywords

food, nutrition, exploration methods, seafarers

About this article
Title

Overview and prospect: food and nutrition of seafarers on merchant ships

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 64, No 4 (2013)

Article type

Review article

Pages

191-194

Published online

2013-12-17

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2013.0003

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2013;64(4):191-194.

Keywords

food
nutrition
exploration methods
seafarers

Authors

Marcus Oldenburg
Volker Harth
Hans-Joachim Jensen

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