open access

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Review paper
Published online: 2021-10-07
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Rusty pipe syndrome. Safety of breastfeeding

Katarzyna M. Wszolek1, Adrianna Nowek23, Angelika Odor2, Malgorzata Piet13, Maciej Wilczak13
DOI: 10.5603/GP.a2021.0188
Affiliations
  1. Department of Maternal and Child Health, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  2. Students Scientific Association, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  3. Gynaecology-Obstetrics Hospital, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland

open access

Ahead of Print
REVIEW PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2021-10-07

Abstract

The rusty pipe syndrome is an uncommon condition. It is characterised by suddenly painless, bilateral bloody nipple discharge with no visible evidence of mechanical injuries within the breasts. It resolves spontaneously with no additional medical intervention. If the problem persists for more than 5–7 days, further investigations should be made to exclude other pathologies. In the available literature, there is no clear explanation of the condition. Many authors agree that the condition may be caused by the structure of blood vessels and may depend on changes therein that occur during stage I and II lactogenesis. In most cases, it is recognised during breast milk expression, when the colour of milk is different than normally.

Abstract

The rusty pipe syndrome is an uncommon condition. It is characterised by suddenly painless, bilateral bloody nipple discharge with no visible evidence of mechanical injuries within the breasts. It resolves spontaneously with no additional medical intervention. If the problem persists for more than 5–7 days, further investigations should be made to exclude other pathologies. In the available literature, there is no clear explanation of the condition. Many authors agree that the condition may be caused by the structure of blood vessels and may depend on changes therein that occur during stage I and II lactogenesis. In most cases, it is recognised during breast milk expression, when the colour of milk is different than normally.

Get Citation

Keywords

rusty pipe syndrome; anxiety; breastfeeding safety; nourishment tolerance

About this article
Title

Rusty pipe syndrome. Safety of breastfeeding

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Review paper

Published online

2021-10-07

DOI

10.5603/GP.a2021.0188

Keywords

rusty pipe syndrome
anxiety
breastfeeding safety
nourishment tolerance

Authors

Katarzyna M. Wszolek
Adrianna Nowek
Angelika Odor
Malgorzata Piet
Maciej Wilczak

References (20)
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