Vol 93, No 1 (2022)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-05-10

open access

Page views 5648
Article views/downloads 897
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

Investigation of awareness and anxiety levels of pregnant women during pandemic process

Rabia Merve Palalioglu1, Ozan Karadeniz2, Gokce Ipek Aytok1, Batuhan Palalioglu3, Gizem Nur Koyan2, Halil Ibrahim Erbiyik45, Murat Muhcu6
Pubmed: 34105744
Ginekol Pol 2022;93(1):24-36.

Abstract

Objectives: It is currently unknown that how pregnant women deal with the Coronavirus disease and its results. The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychological impact of the coronavirus pandemic on pregnant women and to determine whether pregnant women have sufficient knowledge and awareness for a healthy antenatal process. Material and methods: This study was conducted at two centers. Regardless of the gestational age, a questionnaire was distributed to 1003 pregnant women in total, from which 51 original questions we prepared. Five hundred twenty-six participants were included in the study. The questionnaire was delivered using the QR code method. The questionnaires were answered online by participants via SurveyMonkey. Results: The period when anxiety was highest was the 2nd trimester, whereas women in the 1st trimester had the lowest level of anxiety. High levels of awareness were observed in patients with heart disease, but patients with diabetes mellitus had a high level of anxiety.

Conclusions: It is important to maintain the mental and physical health of pregnant women, who are in a more delicate condition than other individuals in the society. In this regard, healthcare professionals have important duties such as taking necessary precautions and explaining the seriousness of the situation to pregnant women.

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file

References

  1. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The Lancet. 2020; 395(10223): 497–506.
  2. Worldometer, COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus (November 18, 2020).
  3. Di Mascio D, Khalil A, Saccone G, et al. Outcome of coronavirus spectrum infections (SARS, MERS, COVID-19) during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM. 2020; 2(2): 100107.
  4. Schwartz DA, Graham AL. Potential maternal and infant outcomes from (Wuhan) coronavirus 2019-nCoV infecting pregnant women: lessons from SARS, MERS, and other human coronavirus infections. Viruses. 2020; 12(2).
  5. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). The Grants Register 2021. 2020: 713–721.
  6. Kourtis AP, Read JS, Jamieson DJ. Pregnancy and infection. N Engl J Med. 2014; 370(23): 2211–2218.
  7. Beck A, Epstein N, Brown G, et al. An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1988; 56(6): 893–897.
  8. Chen H, Guo J, Wang C, et al. Clinical characteristics and intrauterine vertical transmission potential of COVID-19 infection in nine pregnant women: a retrospective review of medical records. The Lancet. 2020; 395(10226): 809–815.
  9. Wang C, Pan R, Wan X, et al. Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020; 17(5).
  10. Saccone G, Florio A, Aiello F, et al. Psychological impact of coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnant women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020; 223(2): 293–295.
  11. Tang PL, Wang HH, Chou FH. A systematic review and meta-analysis of demoralization and depression in patients with cancer. Psychosomatics. 2015; 56(6): 634–643.
  12. Durankuş F, Aksu E. Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnant women: a preliminary study. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2020 [Epub ahead of print]: 1–7.
  13. Yassa M, Birol P, Yirmibes C, et al. Near-term pregnant women's attitude toward, concern about and knowledge of the COVID-19 pandemic. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2020; 33(22): 3827–3834.
  14. Wu Y, Zhang C, Liu H, et al. Perinatal depressive and anxiety symptoms of pregnant women during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak in China. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020; 223(2): 240.e1–240.e9.
  15. Mirzadeh M, Khedmat L. Pregnant women in the exposure to COVID-19 infection outbreak: the unseen risk factors and preventive healthcare patterns. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2020 [Epub ahead of print]: 1–2.
  16. Zar M, Wijma K, Wijma B. Relations between anxiety disorders and fear of childbirth during late pregnancy. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. 2002; 9(2): 122–130.
  17. Gambina I, Soldera G, Benevento B, et al. Postpartum psychosocial distress and late preterm delivery. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 2011; 29(5): 472–479.
  18. Holditch-Davis D, Santos H, Levy J, et al. Patterns of psychological distress in mothers of preterm infants. Infant Behav Dev. 2015; 41: 154–163.