open access

Vol 89, No 8 (2018)
Research paper
Published online: 2018-08-31
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Adipokines and C-peptide in overweight and obese pregnant women

Elżbieta Poniedziałek-Czajkowska1, Radzisław Mierzyński1, Magdalena Słodzińska1, Dominik Dłuski1, Bożena Leszczyńska-Gorzelak1
DOI: 10.5603/GP.a2018.0076
·
Pubmed: 30215464
·
Ginekol Pol 2018;89(8):443-449.
Affiliations
  1. Klinika Położnictwa i Perinatologii Samodzielnego Publicznego Szpitala Klinicznego nr 4 w Lublinie

open access

Vol 89, No 8 (2018)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2018-08-31

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the levels of adipokines such as adiponectin, resistin, leptin as well as C-peptide in overweight and obese pregnant women.

Material and methods: The adipokines and C-peptide concentrations were measured in the group of 38 overweight/obese pregnant women (BMI > 25 kg/m2) and in 42 pregnant women of normal weight (BMI < 25 kg/m2) with ELISA tests between 24th and 34th weeks of gestation.

Results: The overweight/obese women compared to lean ones were characterized by significantly higher concentrations of leptin (43.44 ± 31.41 vs. 21.29 ± 12.67 ng/mL, p = 0.0001) and C-peptide (2.77 ± 1.88 vs. 2.25 ± 1.42 ng/mL, p = 0.034). There were no significant differences between groups in resistin (17.39 ± 7.59 vs. 15.76 ± 6.64 ng/mL, NS) and adiponectin (6.93 ± 3.52 vs. 8.07 ± 6.53 μg/mL, NS) levels. In the overweight/obese patients, no relationships between the adipokines, C-peptide and CRP concentrations were found. BMI was negatively correlated with the resistin levels (R = –0.406, p = 0.011). The significant correlation between leptin and C-peptide concentrations was observed in the study group (R = 0.517, p = 0.012). In the control group, the negative correlation between adiponectin concentrations and BMI was shown (R = –0.446, p = 0.003).

Conclusions: The higher levels of leptin in the overweight and obese pregnant women seem to reflect the leptin resistance condition and the higher levels of C-peptide in this group is suggestive for hyperinsulinemia. The positive correlation between C-peptide and leptin levels but not with resistin and adiponectin might confirm the role of leptin in the hyperinsulinemia development in overweight and obesity during pregnancy.

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the levels of adipokines such as adiponectin, resistin, leptin as well as C-peptide in overweight and obese pregnant women.

Material and methods: The adipokines and C-peptide concentrations were measured in the group of 38 overweight/obese pregnant women (BMI > 25 kg/m2) and in 42 pregnant women of normal weight (BMI < 25 kg/m2) with ELISA tests between 24th and 34th weeks of gestation.

Results: The overweight/obese women compared to lean ones were characterized by significantly higher concentrations of leptin (43.44 ± 31.41 vs. 21.29 ± 12.67 ng/mL, p = 0.0001) and C-peptide (2.77 ± 1.88 vs. 2.25 ± 1.42 ng/mL, p = 0.034). There were no significant differences between groups in resistin (17.39 ± 7.59 vs. 15.76 ± 6.64 ng/mL, NS) and adiponectin (6.93 ± 3.52 vs. 8.07 ± 6.53 μg/mL, NS) levels. In the overweight/obese patients, no relationships between the adipokines, C-peptide and CRP concentrations were found. BMI was negatively correlated with the resistin levels (R = –0.406, p = 0.011). The significant correlation between leptin and C-peptide concentrations was observed in the study group (R = 0.517, p = 0.012). In the control group, the negative correlation between adiponectin concentrations and BMI was shown (R = –0.446, p = 0.003).

Conclusions: The higher levels of leptin in the overweight and obese pregnant women seem to reflect the leptin resistance condition and the higher levels of C-peptide in this group is suggestive for hyperinsulinemia. The positive correlation between C-peptide and leptin levels but not with resistin and adiponectin might confirm the role of leptin in the hyperinsulinemia development in overweight and obesity during pregnancy.

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Keywords

adipocytokines, C-peptide, obesity, pregnancy

About this article
Title

Adipokines and C-peptide in overweight and obese pregnant women

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 89, No 8 (2018)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

443-449

Published online

2018-08-31

DOI

10.5603/GP.a2018.0076

Pubmed

30215464

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2018;89(8):443-449.

Keywords

adipocytokines
C-peptide
obesity
pregnancy

Authors

Elżbieta Poniedziałek-Czajkowska
Radzisław Mierzyński
Magdalena Słodzińska
Dominik Dłuski
Bożena Leszczyńska-Gorzelak

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