open access

Vol 91, No 7 (2020)
REVIEW PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2020-07-31
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The role of diet and probiotics in prevention and treatment of bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis in adolescent girls and non-pregnant women

Malgorzata Mizgier, Grazyna Jarzabek-Bielecka, Kinga Mruczyk, Witold Kedzia
DOI: 10.5603/GP.2020.0070
·
Pubmed: 32779162
·
Ginekol Pol 2020;91(7):412-416.

open access

Vol 91, No 7 (2020)
REVIEW PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2020-07-31

Abstract

The article raises important issues regarding the use of diet and probiotics in prevention and treatment of vaginitis.
Vaginitis is defined as any condition with symptoms of abnormal vaginal discharge. The most common causes of vaginitis
are vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis (BV). Vaginitis has been linked to itching, burning,
pain, discharge, irritation and also adverse reproductive and obstetric health outcomes. Moreover, microorganisms that
build vaginal flora in the state of bacterial vaginosis are a source of cervicitis and endometritis (often in subclinical forms)
and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
The proper diet and probiotics consumption may influence the composition of the gut microbiota, improve gut integrity,
and have an impact on maintaining and recovering the normal vaginal microbiota.
Future studies and reviews investigating the role of diet and probiotics in changes to gut and vaginal microbiome need to
focus on deciphering the mechanismus of host bacteria interaction in vulvovaginal health.

Abstract

The article raises important issues regarding the use of diet and probiotics in prevention and treatment of vaginitis.
Vaginitis is defined as any condition with symptoms of abnormal vaginal discharge. The most common causes of vaginitis
are vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis (BV). Vaginitis has been linked to itching, burning,
pain, discharge, irritation and also adverse reproductive and obstetric health outcomes. Moreover, microorganisms that
build vaginal flora in the state of bacterial vaginosis are a source of cervicitis and endometritis (often in subclinical forms)
and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
The proper diet and probiotics consumption may influence the composition of the gut microbiota, improve gut integrity,
and have an impact on maintaining and recovering the normal vaginal microbiota.
Future studies and reviews investigating the role of diet and probiotics in changes to gut and vaginal microbiome need to
focus on deciphering the mechanismus of host bacteria interaction in vulvovaginal health.

Get Citation

Keywords

vaginal infections; vaginitis; bacterial vaginosis; vulvovaginal candidiasis; diet; probiotics; prebiotics

About this article
Title

The role of diet and probiotics in prevention and treatment of bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis in adolescent girls and non-pregnant women

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 91, No 7 (2020)

Pages

412-416

Published online

2020-07-31

DOI

10.5603/GP.2020.0070

Pubmed

32779162

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2020;91(7):412-416.

Keywords

vaginal infections
vaginitis
bacterial vaginosis
vulvovaginal candidiasis
diet
probiotics
prebiotics

Authors

Malgorzata Mizgier
Grazyna Jarzabek-Bielecka
Kinga Mruczyk
Witold Kedzia

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